Showing posts from April, 2011

Presenting a research paper in a foreign university

Presenting abroad has been a worthwhile experience, every time. Not because you could get opportunity to see Pyramids in Egypt, get a pint of bitter tastes better in a pub on the River Cam, or you will never forget the sight of St. Peter's Basilica on a winter morning. Taking part in international intellectual exchanges simply broadens your horizons, enhancing your teaching and scholarship.

Here are some important points to consider while you are presenting abroad:
Practice reading your paper ahead of timeTry to attend smaller gatherings for better interaction. Mega-conferences, by contrast will have many sub-sessions, will have all-too-brief time for papers, and a miniscule audiences for many panels.Don't just present your own paper and leave. Attend many sessions, if not most.Go slow and make it plain. When you are delivering a paper at an international conference, remember that your audience will be composed in large part of people for whom English is a second language.Never…

Right social skills are essential to succeed in workplace

Tiziana Casciaro, a professor at Harvard Business School, says, "People who lack social competence end up looking like they lack other competencies too." And in today’s world where technical skills are given more importance than social skills, seeking expert coaching to improve on them is a worthwhile investment.

The kind of relations an individual develops and maintains at his workplace defines his professional success. The way the person relates himself to others has a direct impact on his emotional state and hence his performance.

The social relationships of a person determine the quality of life he can have. Good relationships make life more fulfilling and complete. Social support is necessary to accomplish tasks, succeed and grow.

Especially at the workplace, the relationships between the team members, managers and clients decide the future of not just the individuals but also of their teams and the organisation on the whole.

With businesses getting more global today, t…

Don't go for a ccareer change completely blind

After two decades of selling at the front line, one seems logical that one may wish to put the skills and expertise to good use training others. Although you don’t have direct experience as a sales trainer, you have led and developed teams as part of your day job, so you’re not coming to this career change completely blind.

According to the Institute of Sales & Marketing Management (, some of the big sales training consultancies such as Huthwaite or Mercuri receive more than 10 speculative CVs a day. Getting on to the books of one of these agencies would be ideal, as it could lead to regular contracting work.

The trouble is that there are many sales people out there trying to do the same thing. The jobs market is 'very competitive' for sales trainers, and with positions far and few between compared to general sales. Read more here.

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What do employers want?

Employers ask for evidence that you have:
motivation for the role; the ability to adapt to and share the organisation’s vision and ethos; relevant skills and competencies.Many roles are open to graduates of any discipline as employers are often interested in your potential rather than your existing knowledge. The application procedures of many major graduate employers have become explicitly focused on motivation, organisational fit, and competency.

Even for those jobs that require specific technical or scientific expertise, the successful candidate will be the one who demonstrates motivation and the personal and transferable skills needed to succeed.

It is not uncommon to find that a personality profile is a part of the initial application process and to be asked to provide very detailed examples of competencies such as ‘teamwork’ or ‘problem solving’ on the application forms.

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It’s time to take a good look at your resume - Get free resume evaluation

There are hundreds or even thousands of applicants for every vacant position. In order to win, you have to stand out in the crowd. Your resume is the first thing an employer will see. You never get a second chance to make a first impression.

To employers and recruiters, your resume is your first impression. It must show an interesting and complete account of you, but in a brief form. It should highlight your accomplishments and focus on your strengths.

Are you being ignored in the recent applications or interviews? If so, we can help.

Send your resume to for a FREE evaluation and get response within 2-3 working days!

Please note: The free evaluation period is over. See details..

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Salary Negotiations: Distributive Bargaining

Salary negotiation is more of an art than a science. It usually is one of the most neglected and under-rated aspects of a Job search. Salary negotiation is an important aspect of any job situation, and is often perceived as the trickiest part. Most common doubts raised are " Is it safe for me to negotiate a salary without jeopardising my chances of getting a job?", as well as "When and how do I negotiate my salary?".

The situation in which a salary is negotiated could vary depending on whether the individual is a candidate with a certain degree of work experience, applying for a position in a company, or is a candidate with no prior work experience, applying for an entry level position in an organisation. Another situation could be an employee looking for career advancement in his current organisation. The details of each of these situations might be different, however certain basic principles and rules regarding salary negotiation remain the same.

Principles for N…

Women in Science - Botanical Society of America

Dr. Jenny Xiang
North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina

My journey to botany with a specialty in plant systematics dates back to the early eighties in China and has continued in the US since 1989. It’s a journey of adventure, excitement, and hard work that would not have been possible without the help and support of my colleagues, friends, and family. [Read More]

Dr. Mudassir Asrar Zaidi
Balochistan University of Information Technology,
Engineering and Management Sciences
Quetta, Pakistan

Love of flowers and plants is the motto of my life. As far as I remember in my early life at the age of five onwards I used to say that I can’t live without flowers and plants. Since then I always had my own flower beds where I used to grow and take care of my favorite plants and flowers. [Read More]

You can also send your entries for publishing under "Women in Science" Section in this website. Send your profile now!

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Women in Science

This is about 16 successful women in science. The women scientists profiled here span several centuries and several nationalities. Despite many barriers, women all over the world have participated in unraveling the secrets of nature since the dawn of civilization. As historian of science Naomi Oreskes said recently, 'The question is not why there haven't been more women in science; the question is rather why we have not heard more about them.' Most of the women whose stories are told here, in fact, were active in recent times, when the sciences had already become professionalized endeavors.

Read about:
Rosalind Elsie Franklin (1920-1958) Pioneer Molecular BiologistDorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, OM (1910-1994) A Founder of Protein CrystallographyAdmiral Grace Murray Hopper (1906-1992) Pioneer Computer ScientistMaria Goeppert-Mayer (1906-1972) Nobelist in PhysicsHelen Sawyer Hogg (1905-1993) A Gift of StarsRozsa Peter (1905-1977) Founder of Recursive Function TheoryRoger Arliner Yo…

Katerina Aifantis: Ahead of Her Time

'I got a degree at 19, PhD at 21'

Katerina Aifantis is passionate about science. She passed her degree at 19, and was awarded a PhD in natural sciences and mathematics at the age of 21.

Her studies took her from Michigan Tech in the US, to Cambridge University, UK, and then to the University of Groningen in the Netherlands.

Katerina Aifantis got her PhD with Prof. Dr. Jeff Th.M. De Hosson at Dept. Applied Physics, University of Groningen, The Netherlands on April 18th 2005.

When she was a child, Katerina Aifantis wanted to understand the work of her father, Elias, who today is a professor of mechanics at Aristotle University of Thessaloniki in Greece and at Michigan Technological University (MTU) in the United States. "I really wanted to find out what he was doing, and he wasn't telling me," she says today. All he would say was, "'You will find out when you grow up,'" she recalls.
At 16, she was given the opportunity to enrol at Michigan Tech by her…

Careers in Botany

Dr. David Spooner of University of Wisconsin says that he wanted to be a botanist right from his childhood. Do you? [Read full story]. He was not alone. Dr. Mudassir Asrar Zaidi from University of Blaochistan tells that she had a passion for studying plants and its flowers since she aged 5 years [More]. This is not the case always. Dr. Jenny Xiang working at the North Carolina State University reveals that she dreamed from her childhood for becoming an astronaut, but ended up as a botanist with a passion. She is happy that her biology department opened a whole new world for her [Read it]. Dr. Jack Horner from Iowa State University has glorious reflections of a happy botanist [Story].

Dr. Marshall Sundberg of Emporia State University asking Why study botany? [Here is the answer!] Dr. Scott Mori of New York Botanical Garden explains how he became a tropical botanist [Know more]. Dr. Joseph Armstrong from Illinois State University remember that he became a botanist under the influence of …

Job applications: Selling your skills

Do you know what skills to highlight when compiling a CV, covering letter or application?

You should focus on presenting evidence of the skills and qualities that the employer is seeking (it means you need to change your CV every time you apply for a vacancy), including your academic projects and achievements and also responsibilities you have held during work experience or voluntary activities, involvement in societies, or management of sporting activities.

Recruiters want to see skills and qualities that match their selection criteria. When examining your past involvements more closely, consider:

* What exactly have you done?
* What were you responsible for?
* What were the outcomes?
* How did you achieve success?
* Is there evidence of ‘how’ you have demonstrated relevant skills?

Although it is important to be concise, it is not enough just to list your skills. Where is the evidence? Employers cannot simply take your word for it.

Thinking about how to express the evidence …

Why you should clean up your online reputation

Before posting those wild party photos on Facebook, keep in mind that employers tend to Google their prospective employees -- and might not like what pops up.

With the advent of social networking and sites such as Facebook, Myspace, YouTube and Twitter, people are able to share their thoughts, experiences and everyday lives with millions of people worldwide. However, some of the personal content shared on the Internet isn't always positive, private or otherwise flattering.
Read full article here

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Resume Tips, Part 4: Online résumés and Europass CV

Online résumés

Many employers and job-seekers use the Internet almost exclusively in their search. Keeping résumés exclusively in electronic format has altered the dynamic of résumé reading and writing in several ways.

* Job seekers must choose a file format in which to maintain their résumé. Many employers insist on receiving résumés only as Microsoft Word documents. Others will accept résumés formatted in HTML, PDF, or plain ASCII text.
* Many potential employers now find candidates' résumés through search engines, which makes it more important for candidates to use appropriate keywords when writing a résumé.
* Including an e-mail address in an online résumé may expose the job seeker to spam.

Don't forget to update your resume!
Every three months, pull out your resume, dust it off, and update.

If you maintain your resume, you'll find it all ready to go when you need it for your next performance appraisal or job search.

Europass CV

There are many sites about Europass, the of…

What are the transferable skills that are particularly popular with graduate recruiters

The competencies or transferable skills that are particularly popular with graduate recruiters include:
gracommunication - ability to communicate orally, in writing, or via electronic means, in a manner appropriate to the audience;teamwork - being constructive and willing to take on less attractive tasks, contributing practically to the team’s success;leadership - being able to motivate and encourage others, whilst taking the lead;initiative - ability to see opportunities, to set and achieve goals and act independently;problem solving - thinking things through in a logical way in order to determine key issues, often also including creative thinking;flexibility/adaptability - ability to handle change and adapt to new situations;self-awareness - knowing your strengths and skills and having the confidence to put these across;commitment/motivation - having energy and enthusiasm in pursuing projects;interpersonal skills - ability to relate well to others and to establish good working relat…

Interview questions

Already appeared for job interview(s)? What are the questions asked to you? Would like to share your experience with others?Anonymously or not, just comment your interview questions and if possible with answers to us.

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Visa Information: Know the requirements before you fly

Many countries require visitors to have a visa or other personal identification documentation prior to entry. To determine the particular immigration needs of any country you are considering visiting, go to the link above, select the type of passport you hold and your nationality from the list provided. Finally select your destination point along with any single or multiple transit points. This will provide you with a quick overview of requirements. However, for the latest information on specific country requirements, we strongly recommend that you contact the local Embassy or Consulate of the country you intend to visit.

Questions about Salary History – Salary Negotiation Do’s and Don’ts

Q: I am underpaid in my current job. But how do I respond to the salary history question when I am trying to correct that as I interview for new jobs?

A: Do some homework and try to analyze your skills and abilities. Your best strategy is to keep them focused on what is an appropriate amount for you given your experience, skills and credentials today. In addition, be prepared to explain why you are seeking a significant jump in your salary and be ready to help the employer justify paying you this increased amount - those people do not want to feel as if they are overpaying you.

Here are the keys to successful salary negotiation. Follow these simple rules and you should achieve success in this important strategic tool of job-hunting.

    * Make sure you've done your research on the salary you should expect for the position you're seeking.
    * Don't bring up salary before the employer does.
    * Be aware of your strengths and achievements.
    * Let the employer make …

Resume Tips, Part 3: Resume structure

Resumes: In many contexts, a résumé is short (usually one or two pages), and therefore contains only experience directly relevant to a particular position. Many résumés use precise keywords that the potential new employers are looking for, are self-aggrandizing, and contain many action words.

Traditionally, résumés have rarely been more than two pages, as potential employers typically did not devote much time to reading résumé details for each applicant. However, employers are changing their views regarding acceptable résumé length. Since increasing numbers of job seekers and employers are using Internet-based job search engines to find and fill employment positions, longer résumés are needed for applicants to differentiate and distinguish themselves. Since the late 1990s, employers have been more accepting of résumés that are longer than two pages.

Curriculum vitae: As with résumés, CVs are subject to recruiting fads. For example,
In German-speaking countries a picture was a mandatory…

How to analyse job adverts

The vacancy below is one for which a PhD degree holder might apply.

Lecturer/Post Doctoral Research Associate - University Research Dept of Psychology
Applications are invited for the post of Post Doctoral Research Associate in the Research Department of Psychology. The position is full-time for 3 years, working on a Research Grant: 'Affective Processing in Childhood’ held by Dr David Leaman.

The post holder will be responsible for conducting research in the cognitive neuroscience of affective processing in children. This role will entail development of experimental paradigms, subject recruitment, testing child participants and data analysis. The ideal candidate will have a PhD in Psychology, including excellent experimental and data analysis skills. The role will also include preparing and delivering lectures and hosting open days, so proven teaching experience is required. Interested candidates should send a letter of application, curriculum vitae, and the names of at …

Preparing for an interview

Your interview could include a technical discussion of the projects you've worked on, your future career plans or other brainteasers queries. The types of questions you'll be asked will vary depending on the position you're looking for, but all are meant to investigate your capabilities and potential to grow. Employers look for original, creative thinkers, people with a passion for what they do and the energy to make those around them better. Points to remember...

Come well rested. You will typically meet with three to six different people over the course of your interview. You want to be mentally prepared.

Dress comfortably. Wear whatever makes you comfortable in an interview.

Relax and be yourself. Natural enthusiasm and positive attitude will take you a long way to making a positive impression.

Be honest.

Be prepared for abstract questions. You will probably be asked one or two. There may be no right or wrong answer: they are usually asked to see how well you think on t…

How to Craft a Winning Résumé or CV

3 important points to remember:

First, remember that Résumés and CVs are different. The differences between the two include structure, content, length, and style. The most common mistake that science-trained individuals make in their job search is submitting a résumé that looks too much like a CV.

Second, the purpose of a résumé or CV is to get you an interview. Getting the job comes later, after going through interviews and sometimes follow-up interviews. Your goal when submitting your résumé or CV should be to get your foot in the door, that’s all!

Third, a principal difference between a CV and a résumé is that CVs focus on where you’ve been, whereas résumés must also convey where you are going. A résumé cannot simply be a list of your past experiences. It must be a selection of those experiences and skills that are best suited to the job to which you are applying.

Basic Parts of a Résumé
There are some sections of your résumé that may appear identical to your CV. Other secti…

Resume Tips, Part 2: Resume types

Résumés may be organized in different ways

Functional résumé
A functional résumé lists work experience and skills sorted by skill area or job function. The functional résumé is used to assert a focus to skills that are specific to the type of position being sought. This format directly emphasizes specific professional capabilities and utilizes experience summaries as its primary means of communicating professional competency. In contrast, the chronological résumé format will briefly highlight these competencies prior to presenting a comprehensive timeline of career growth via reverse-chronological listing with most recent experience listed first. The functional resume works well for those making a career change, having a varied work history and with little work experience.

Combination résumé
The combination résumé balances the functional and chronological approaches. A résumé organized this way typically leads with a functional list of job skills, followed by a chronological list of emplo…

What is the difference between a CV, a Resume and a Bio-data?

Recently I came across a question in a career forum - "Could you please tell the difference between resume, CV, Bio-data etc.?"

Someone suggested an answer for this question as "CV is normally for the education industry.... it means Curriculum Vitae .... and Bio-data is universal it can be used for everything including applying for Jobs... and Resume is always used when you send your work profile/experience for middle and top management positions...."

Another person said, "Resume - very well defined, most commonly used. Strictly One Page, include Experience, Education, Skills and contacts - specifically customized to target the job profile in question..... CV - is more detailed, 2-3 pages or more. CV generally meant for people who wants to hire you...... Bio Data - is very old fashioned word, i think mostly used as a key word in India for government jobs. This is, I think, Resume + Biography, specifically requiring legal things like - date of birth…

BSA Student Profile pages

Tatiana Arias
University of Missouri - Columbia

I learned to love biology and the natural world as a small child. I used to visit my father once a year in Bahia Solano, Choco, Colombia. There we spent our vacations exploring the jungle, and I made my decision to become a biologist because I wanted to know more about the biodiversity of my country.
Janelle Burke
Cornell University, L. H. Bailey Hortorium

What I really wanted after high school was an internship at the Brookfield zoo. My initial interests were in the biology of cute, cuddly mammals. Instead a friend helped me find a job in the herbarium of the Morton Arboretum, where he was a volunteer.Laura Burkle
Dartmouth College

I can’t remember a time when I wasn’t interested in plants. As a kid, the first thing I noticed about plants is that they sit still. My parents always kept house plants and rattled off long names, like Philodendron, that I never seemed to be able to remember.
Julia Nowak
University of Britis…

U.S. Student Visas

Students are Encouraged to Apply Early

Student Applicants (for F-1 and M-1 visas) - Overview

If you are going to the U.S. primarily for tourism, but want to take a short course of study of less than 18 hours per week, you may be able to do so on a visitor visa. You should inquire at the appropriate U.S. Embassy or Consulate. If your course of study is more than 18 hours a week, you will need a student visa. Please read this information for general information on how to apply for an F1 or M1 student visa. For additional student related information, visit the EducationUSA website created by the Department of State, Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs to learn about educational opportunities for undergraduate and graduate study, opportunities for scholars, financial aid, testing, admissions, and much more.

In most countries, first time student visa applicants are required to appear for an in-person interview. However,…

Curriculum Vitae (CV)

A CV is used by those with graduate degrees (i.e., M.S., Ph.D) to apply for positions in academia or for scientific positions. CVs are longer than resumes and focus on education, publications, presentations, classes taught, and professional activities. CVs tend to include all experience not just selective experiences. CVs are also used in European countries for all positions.

Your career counselor is available to critique your CV. View an example of an academic CV, or an example of a research CV.

Source: University of Kentucky | Career Center

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Writing cover letters - Useful phrases: Yours faithfully or Yours sincerely

Do you present yourself in a professional manner when you write job or postdoc applications? In short, you want to give a professional image when you write to Employers. To get you started, we've prepared some lists of standard phrases.

Opening lines

Why do we need an opening line in a cover letter or formal email?

- to make reference to previous correspondence
- to say how you found the recipient's name/address or vacancy advert
- to say why you are writing to the recipient.

10 Good Opening Lines:

With reference to your letter of 8 June, I ...
I am writing to enquire about ...
After having seen your advertisement in ... , I would like ...
After having received your address from ... , I ...
I received your address from ... and would like ...
We/I recently wrote to you about ...
Thank you for your letter of 8 May.
Thank you for your letter regarding ...
Thank you for your letter/e-mail about ...
In reply to your letter of 8 May, ...

Closing lines

Why do we need a closing line in a…

20 Tips for improving your resume

Employers glance over resumes and decide in less than 20 seconds. Note specifics that demonstrate your abilities, your accomplishments, and your past experiences -- these are crucial to making your resume get their attention.

The appearance of a non-electronic resume cannot be overemphasized! It should catch the eye. Watch for spacing and margins. Allow for lots of WHITE SPACE and BORDERS. Make use of italicizing, CAPITALS, underlining, bolding, indentations, and bullets to emphasize your important points.

Be brief & concise! One page, to the point works best in this competitive marketplace. Be a skillful editor, deleting the portions which are not relevant or least helpful to your securing that particular position. Emphasize your more recent experience in the last 5 - 7 years.

Focus every resume to the job type being applied for. It's actually better to create a different resume …

Country profile: Qatar

Qatar (Arabic: قطر ‎ Qaṭar; IPA: [ˈqɑtˁɑr], local pronunciation: [ɡitˁar]), officially the State of Qatar (Arabic: دولة قطر transliterated as Dawlat Qatar), is an Arab emirate in Southwest Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeasterly coast of the larger Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south; otherwise the Persian Gulf surrounds the state.
FACTSCapital Doha
25°18′N 51°31′E / 25.3, 51.517

Official languages Arabic

Demonym Qatari

Government Absolute Monarchy
- Emir HH. Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani
- Prime Minister Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani

- current ruling family came to power December 18, 1878
- independence from the United Kingdom September 3, 1971

- Total 11,437 km2 (164th) / 4,416 sq mi
- Water (%) negligible

- October 2008 estimate 1,541,130
- 2004 census 744,029[6] (159th)
- Density 74/km2 (121st) /…

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