Essential Tips for Clear Communication in English

1. Find a good speaking rhythm
The problem: If you try to speak too fast, your words don’t come out right. But if you try to slow down, you have trouble focusing.

The solution: You need to work on your speaking rhythm, or the speed and “sound” of your speaking.

Finding your perfect speaking rhythm will really help to improve your fluency. A good speaking pace is comfortable for you and the listener, keeps you focused, and gives you enough time to think through what you want to say.

Try it yourself: To find the perfect rhythm, you might have to experiment a little. Find a short paragraph, or even just a sentence to say.
Say the sentence slowly, then again faster, and again. Once you reach a speech that doesn’t feel comfortable (is too fast), slow back down. Repeat this with a few sentences, and soon you’ll find that perfect speed.

Once you find the right speed, you can work on the rhythm, which is the stress and intonation (how high or low a sound is) of your voice when you speak. To do this, choose a video that has subtitles.

2. Make sure you’re understood
The problem: Because of the language barrier, you’re never sure if people really understood what you meant.

The solution: Just ask them. Most of the time, you can make sure someone understood what you said by asking them to repeat what you said.

If you’re worried about sounding rude, you can remind them that you are still learning English, and you want to make sure you expressed yourself correctly.

Try it yourself: Practice with a speaking partner, or just try this in any English conversation: The next time you give any instructions, directions or information, follow it up with one of these phrases:

  • I want to make sure you got that. Would you mind repeating it?
  • I’m not sure if I said that right. Can you please repeat it?
  • Can you please run that by me, so I know you got it?
  • I’d like to be sure I’m expressing myself clearly. Could you please tell me what I’ve just said, so I know we’re on the same page?
  • By having the listener repeat what you said, you can make sure you were understood, or clarify anything they didn’t get (understand).

3. Keep talking
The problem: You may have trouble speaking fluently if you’re unsure of your grammar or vocabulary. However, stopping a lot when you talk can make it difficult for people to focus on what you’re saying.

The solution: Know your filler phrases!

Filler phrases are phrases (and words) that act like placeholders in a sentence. They fill in silences so that your speech is not interrupted. They don’t really add anything to the conversation, though, so they give you a little time to think of what to say.

Some examples of filler phrases are:

Um, uh
You know…
To be honest…

4. Watch your body language
The problem: You are saying one thing, but your body is saying something different.

The solution: You might not know this, but your body speaks almost as loudly as you. The way you sit, the way you hold your hands, even which direction you look at—all these things can change the meaning of the words you speak.

For example, if you tell someone you would love to have lunch with them, but your arms are crossed and you’re not smiling, they might think that you don’t actually want to do it. If you’re nervous about speaking English incorrectly, you might show negative body language. And you might be misunderstood because of that. So the most important thing is to relax!

For native speakers, most body language is intuitive. That means you do it without thinking about or having to learn it. Not all of it, however, is universal. That is, not all body language and gestures mean the same thing in different cultures. (So you might have to do some learning here!)

5. Use appropriate language
The problem: You know “regular” English, so you’re not sure how to communicate to someone who speaks professional English or uses slang.

The solution: Sometimes it’s appropriate to switch to a more casual or a more formal manner of speaking. Depending on your English learning goal, you might already be learning professional or conversational English. Listen to how your conversation partner is speaking, take notice of your situation and environment, and try to match the type of English.

If you’re only learning regular English, don’t worry: Most of the time standard English works perfectly well as a communication tool, no matter who you’re speaking to.

Apps for Providing Professional Services

There are many apps freelancers can use to find gigs and market their professional services. As with most app-based gigs, the schedule is flexible and you can work at your convenience. The credentials you need to get hired depend on the role you’re interested in. Payments are made directly and promptly by the site or a payment service, rather than the client.

With most services, it’s easier to sign-up online and then go to the app to find jobs.

Monetize Your Skills: With skills-based gig apps, there are opportunities to work as little – or as much – as you’d like. You can take on side gigs or make freelancing your full-time job. Some sites like Upwork, offer different types of opportunities for gig workers while others focus on a specific niche.

  • editorr is an on-demand service that hires online editors with an academic or professional background in English, journalism, copywriting, creative writing, or similar fields.
  • Fiverr is a platform for freelancers to market their creative services in more than 200 categories. Freelancers post the services they provide and set the price for the gigs, which begin at $5.
  • Jijatjo provides flexible options for hospitality workers, matching you with opportunities that match your schedule. Jijatjo offers competitive hourly rates, and pay is almost immediate (within a few hours) after you finish a shift.
  • Thumbtack offers professionals a way to find jobs doing almost anything. Pros post their business, and customers reach out to those they are interested in working with.
  • Tutor to Go is an online tutoring service. Professors, teachers, professionals with industry expertise provide tutoring services when they are available.
  • Upwork is a platform for freelancers to find jobs and projects, connect with clients, and get hired quickly.
  • Wyzant provides one-on-one tutoring services for school and university students. There are more than 12,000 subject areas and a stringent vetting process for applicants.

Provide Health and Fitness Services: As artificial intelligence changes the medical landscape, there are opportunities for health care providers to practice virtual medicine, communicating with patients on a smartphone or tablet. There are also opportunities for fitness instructors to provide virtual training. For services that need hands-on care, massage therapists, for example, can deliver in-home massages arranged by the app.

The application process starts online and services may be provided or arranged via the company’s app.

  • DoctorOnDemand hires employee and independent contractor physicians, psychologists, and psychiatrists.
  • Teladoc provides opportunities for primary care physicians, dermatologists, and behavioral health providers who handle routine, non-emergency medical problems by video or phone.
  • LiveKick hires personal trainers and private yoga instructors for sessions conducted over live video.
  • Trainerize works with personal trainers so they can connect with clients on the Trainerize app.
  • Soothe is an app where massage therapists join the Soothe professional network to provide in-home, office, or hotel massages.
  • Zeel is an app for download where you can get approved and verified quickly. Selected candidates participate in on-boarding, then download the app and start booking massage appointments.

ICAR -IARI Recruitment 2020 Walk-in for Senior Research Fellow SRF and Unskilled labor Posts

ICAR - Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) Job Notification: ICAR - Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) has invited applications for the Senior Research Fellow (SRF) and Unskilled labor posts. Eligible persons can attend walk-in-interview on 15 June 2020.

IARI Recruitment 2020 to fill in 07 (seven) vacant posts. Walk-in for Unskilled Labour & SRF Posts will be conducted on 15 June 2020. These vacancies are in Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi. Eligible candidates having B.Tech, M.Tech, M.Sc, PhD, GATE, NET qualifications can attend the walk-in-interview for IARI Jobs 2020.

Important Date:·

Walk-in-interview Date: 15 June 2020
ICAR - Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) Senior Research Fellow (SRF) and Unskilled labor Vacancy Details

Senior Research Fellow (SRF): 04 Posts
Unskilled labor: 03 Posts
Eligibility Criteria for Senior Research Fellow (SRF) and Unskilled labor Job 

Educational Qualification:

Senior Research Fellow (SRF): M.Sc. in Agriculture Microbiology/Biochemistry/Biotechnology/ Life Sciences. Those with 03 years Bachelor Degree must have UGC/CSIR/ICAR NET or GATE qualification or equivalent or PhD in any of above disciplines or equivalent/PhD in any of the above disciplines or integrated in relevant subject.
Unskilled labor: Minimum school education. Field and lab experience of at least 03 years.

How to Apply

Eligible persons can attend walk-in-interview on 15 June 2020. Interested persons may appear for walk-in-interview along with duly filled application form in the prescribed format and self attested photocopies and original documents for verification. No Travelling Allowance (TA)/Dearness Allowance (DA) will be paid for attending the interview

Difference between Ph.D. and MD

Ph.D. and MD are higher degrees. Ph.D. is the short form for Doctor of Philosophy while MD is the short form for Doctor of Medicine. 

Difference between Ph.D. and MD 

The primary difference that can be explained between the two is that MD is related to taking care of patients, and Ph.D. is associated with a doctor’s degree in other fields. While MD relates to a higher degree in medicine, a Ph.D. can be acquired in different fields, such as arts and the sciences. A person who has an MD degree can recommend medicines; while an individual with a Ph.D. cannot recommend medicines. Ph.D. is research-oriented. 

When discussing the source of PhD and MD, the MD was launched initially. The source of MD was initiated in the medieval Arabic universities. Ph.D. is believed to have started in the European universities, in the middle Ages. MD also comes from Latin, and signifies ‘teacher of medicine’. PhD comes from Latin philosophiæ doctor, which signifies ‘teacher of philosophy’. 

Time difference
When studying for an MD and Ph.D., there is a huge time difference. A person will obtain a Ph.D. in 4 to 7 years while an individual obtains an MD after about four years. Obtaining a Ph.D. also relies on the thesis paper submission. After a couple of years of rotational work and two years of course work, a candidate receives an MD degree, in some clinic or hospital. In contrast, a person obtains a Ph.D. after he gets his thesis paper submitted. The thesis is checked by a group of experts, and the individual might also be called to guard his work.

If you wish to advance your designation on the career ladder in the medical profession, then a program of postgraduate learn might be your ideal choice. But, there are two choices available for those wishing to pursue more qualifications in medicine - an MD or a PhD.

Course Structure
One of the vital differences between a PhD and an MD is the organization of the course. While a PhD is usually lab-based and lasts a minimum of 3 years, the MD lasts two to three years and mixes a student’s research verdicts with clinical practice. Both qualifications necessitate a student to submit a thesis or a portfolio of published work at the end of their course.

Career Ambitions
Whether you decide to learn for a Ph.D. in Medicine or an MD qualification, this will have a considerable impact upon your career. For the maximum part, those with an MD are more ideal for clinical roles, utilizing their expert understanding to interact and diagnose with patients. For those planning to be working doctors, this might be the ideal option for you. But, if you are searching to take your career in a research-based direction, then you might desire to learn on a Ph.D.

Academic Prestige
While both the MD and the Ph.D. are extremely considered qualifications, it could be disputed that there is slightly more reputation attached to having a Ph.D., as the course is more and the research more careful. Having said this, if you want to pursue a career in clinical practice but the academic reputation of your qualification is that vital to you, it is not vital to study on a Ph.D. course. Numerous prestigious institutions provide an extensive range of well-known MD qualifications.

Financial limitations
One of the vital things to take into account when pursuing any PG course is the price. While all courses are going to charge money, you must think about whether or not you can pay for the course before submitting your application. To study MD or PhD the maximum number of students will fund the course via a combination of external funding and loans.

Interesting Career Opportunities
Candidates who receive M.D.s typically grasp professions practicing medicine. They might have their practices or work for bigger healthcare organizations, hospitals, and clinics. Most M.D.s are engaged in direct patient care. Based on their specialty, they may diagnose and treat illnesses and injuries, carry out surgeries and recommend medication. People who earn M.D.s and Ph.D.'s might work in teaching, research and administration. Few Ph.D.'s are hired to work as policy analysts in private or government business consultants, based on their field of expertise. Ph.D. professionals can focus on almost any subject area, such as languages, literature, music, management or psychology. Many Ph.D.'s seek jobs in higher education. 

Pay Packages
Doctor of Medicine or MD salary in India differs as per the types of employers who employ them and the amount of experience that the professionals possess. The salaries for MDs in India as per the kinds of employers have been mentioned below: 
On the other hand, the salaries for Ph.D. degree holders in terms of Job Position in India can vary. The below-mentioned tables demonstrate the salary arrangement of Ph.D. degree holders in terms of work designation. 

Be a game artist and turn your gaming love into a career: Know about skills, and job prospects

The gaming industry wasn't growing as fast in India as in many other developed countries for quite some time because we didn't have high computer availability in every region.

But now, with the arrival of smartphones, people in remote corners of the country are also downloading games to play. Nasscom predicts the gaming industry to soon reach 1 billion.
Why this is the right time to make a career in the gaming industry
There are quite a few gaming companies in India but the massive gap in the supply of game designers and game artists here makes it a career choice absolutely ripe for the picking!

Moreover, India is moving closer to the time when the majority of its population is formed of youth who are in school or working. This is the target audience of the gaming industry.
Gaming is now increasingly used as an information spreading tool in education, marketing, banking and other fields. Moreover, apart from mobile gaming and PC gaming, we even have games on X-Box, Nintendo, PlayStation and simulation games.

Various job roles in the gaming industry
The gaming industry has various types of jobs -- game artist, game developer, game decoder, game tester, audio engineer, 3D modeler, concept artist, game programmer, software developer etc.

The industry has four basic parts:
  • game development (requires logic and art)
  • game design (requires art and visualization skill)
  • game art (requires skills of drawing, colour concepts and visualization)
  • game testing (requires logic and effort)
Concentrating on the Game Art discipline,the primary positions include:

1. Artist: Starting position which entails hands-on art creation under the Lead Artist's supervision.

2. Senior Artist: Experienced artists (at least 4 to 5 years) typically entrusted with more complex art creation tasks on a project. They are expected to work mostly independently and can take a couple of junior artists under their wings.

3. Lead Artist: Talented artists with team management skills who can lead an artist team in specific areas such as Character creation or Environment creation.

4. Art Director: Senior position holders with strong leadership skills along with visualization and artistic. They are responsible for laying out the artistic vision for a game.

Some of the other common job titles include Animator, Animation Director, Concept Artist, Illustrator, and Game QC Artist.

Educational qualifications you need to be a game artist
There are diploma, degree, and certificate courses available specifically for game designing and game animation as well such as courses on 2D or 3D animation, VFX etc.
So, if you are passionate about making a career in game art, you can check out free courses on game animation from online education websites right after finishing your class 10 exams.

Popular institutes in India offering courses for game artists and game designers
  • NID (National Institute of Design), Ahmedabad
  • MAEER'S MIT Institute of Design, Pune
  • Indian School of Design and Innovation, Mumbai
  • Haldia Institute of Management (HIM), Haldia
  • Asian Institute of Gaming and Animation (AIGM), Bangalore
  • The Indian Institute of Digital Art & Animation (IIDAA), Kolkata
  • Creative Mentors Animation College (CMAC), Hyderabad
  • ANITECH College of Technology and Management (ANITECH), Bangalore
  • Seamedu School of Pro-Expressionism (SSPE), Pune
  • Image Institute of Multimedia Animation and Graphic Effects ( IIMAGE ), Himayat Nagar Hyderabad
  • Backstage Pass Institute of Gaming and Technology (BPIGT), Hyderabad
  • Global Institute of Gaming & Animation (GIGA), Chennai
  • Toonz Academy, Trivandrum

Five steps for students to leverage social media to enhance their design portfolio

Social Media is a very vibrant and visual medium, considered now as the new norm that can be optimised to your advantage to source good projects and to get noticed. You want to make sure you present yourself such that you come across as a seasoned professional would in order to. Here are some pointers:

Enhance your Visibility Quotient
As a designer in any discipline be it graphic, interior, communication, product, web, or fashion etc your online portfolio is the summary of your capabilities and offers the prospective client a window into your mind, your imagination and your worldview.

Make sure they get to see it from the best possible angle. How can you do that? Ensure that you have your portfolio on a good platform for e.g. Deviant Art, Behance, Coroflot, Adobe Creative Space, Issuu etc. Showcase your creativity by using hashtags and labelling your work under several category heads to enhance visibility.

Focus on Displaying Your Versatility
Your portfolio should be a curation of your best work, but you also need to showcase the breadth and range of your versatility as a designer. You may have done a brilliant piece of designing for a smaller brand name.

Go right ahead and include such projects that display your versatility and breadth as a designer. Also, do walk the viewer through the process of creation with the WIP (work in progress) pictures.

A good portfolio is a visual treat and must take the viewer through all the different aspects of your repertoire. They would love to know ‘how the idea germinated in your mind,’ ‘what worked for your project,’ ‘what didn’t work,’ and ‘how you finally fixed it.’

Designers are known to be problem solvers and an innovative way of addressing the situation is always an eye-catcher.

Follow Favourite Brands and Remain Updated with the Latest Trends
Keep abreast with the latest developments and trends and incorporate them into your designing elements. Follow your favourite brands and designers to know what are the current trends and the latest innovations.

This will help you think beyond confining parameters and discover something new to add to your work. Improve your network links to external sources by tagging designer-friends who have a lot of following, so that your work gets noticed by more and more people.

There are niche networking sites for every segment and style of designing. Use social media platforms to draw inspiration from different sources.

Expose yourself to what students from different parts of the world are ideating and creating. It will influence the individualistic interpretation of your work. Pitch for originality. Unconventional ideas are the buzzword in the current design landscape and community.

Learn new skills and get feedback from experts in the area
Solicit feedback from veterans and established designers in your discipline of designing. You can use the challenges set out by the many design firms on Facebook and ‘Linkedin’ to compete and start making a name for yourselves.

You can also pick up projects online and gain work experience which you can then display in your portfolio. Inject life-blood into your online website by introducing a blog. The ongoing pandemic has placed time in your hands.

The Covid-19 lockdown period can be channelized wonderfully by enrolling in online sessions as per your own schedule. You have the flexibility of attending as many or as few classes as you can assimilate from the comfort of your home.

There are a plethora of possibilities for a design student if only he chooses to focus on possibilities and inculcates a ‘can do’ attitude.

Your portfolio is your calling card
Your portfolio must reflect your personality, your worldview, your thought process, experimentations, interpretations and innovations. One look at your portfolio and the viewer starts to subconsciously conceptualize the kind of work he/she can expect from you. You need to be able to visually convey the value adds that you will bring to the project.

An in-depth portfolio with a range of different projects, creatively depicted, will go a long way to make you stand out as a designer. Your portfolio must be kept updated always. You never know when an opportunity will come your way.

You need to focus on not only the content of the portfolio but also on the manner in which you are going to exhibit your portfolio on social media. Social media has completely replaced traditional forms of marketing and it is the place where business is being done and promoted.

Make sure you leverage this medium to the utmost to connect with key clients to either source projects or procure an employment opportunity.


MBBS vs MD – Candidates aspiring to pursue their studies in the field of medicine must know the difference between Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) and Doctor of Medicine (MD). When we begin to understand these from the basics it is important for us to know what these terms actually mean. MBBS is an undergraduate course which is pursued by candidates who wish to make their career in the field of medicine. Whereas, MD is a postgraduate course that can be pursued by candidates who have completed their MBBS. The concept of MBBS vs MD is wide and requires complete understanding of its complex details.

MBBS vs MD Admission in India
In India, medical aspirants are offered with MBBS course in around 500 medical colleges. Admission to this course was earlier through NEET and to AIIMS and JIPMER were through the latter's own examinations. From the year 2020, medical entrance examination for all medical colleges, including the two mentioned earlier, will be NEET. In the country, every year, around 65,000 students take admission to the MBBS courses. The duration of MBBS course was earlier five and a half years which has now been reduced to four years and two months. During this duration it is mandatory for candidates to complete 12 months rotatory internship.
While understanding the post graduate degree courses, it is essential for candidates to know that MD and MS (Master of Surgery) are the most sought after in this category. These courses are offered to candidates only when they complete their MBBS course successfully and are degree holders for the same. Admission to MD course is done on the basis of NEET PG. National Board of Examinations (NBE) conducts NEET PG. In India, MD programme is taught for a duration of 3 years, where medicos are required to choose one of the following specializations that they wish to pursue.

M D (Doctor of Medicine) - Specialities
1. Anaesthesiology
2. Anatomy
3. BiochemistryUG PG
4. Biophysics
5. Community Medicine
6. Dermatology and Venereology
7. Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
8. Laboratory Medicine
9. Medicine
10. Microbiology
11. Nuclear Medicine
12. Obstetrics & Gynaecology
13. Ophthalmology
14. Pathology
15. Pediatrics
16. Pharmacology
17. Physiology
18. Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation (PMR)
19. Psychiatry
20. Radio-Diagnosis
21. Radiotherapy

M S (Master of Surgery) - Specialities

1. Surgery
2. Otorhinolaryngology (ENT)
3. Orthopaedics

Course Fees - MBBS vs MD

NEET entrance exam for undergraduate and postgraduate has lessened the trouble from students to sit for various state-level exams. Also, making it compulsory for government and private colleges to disclose the MBBS course fees has enabled candidates to know the amount to be paid with the fair admission procedure and assist them to be more positive for their admissions. Candidates can check the course fees of the MBBS courses by visiting the official website. MBBS course fees vary between all the government-aided institutions/ government/central universities and deemed universities/private institutions. The fee for MBBS course of AIIMS, the leading institution of the country in regards to medical education, is determined by All India Institute of Medical Sciences for its nine campuses all through the country. The course fee of MBBS at AIIMS is very reasonable with the yearly course fee of sum INR 5856/-. The hostel fees are provided subject to accessibility. The course fee of MBBS in AIIMS for candidates applying in the NRI quota is 75,000 USD for the whole course.

The MD course fee can differ extensively based on the kind of institute - private or public. Also within these two groups as well the fee may differ from one institute to another; the variation is more distinct in private colleges than in public colleges.

Talking about the fee charged by public colleges, the leading medical institutions in the country, AIIMS Delhi and the other AIIMS charge an annual tuition fee of Rs. 702 only. Other constituents of fee structure include electricity, pot money, caution money, and Gymkhana Fee. The whole yearly fee after including all the constituents is below Rs. 2000. Also, AIIMS does not ask for any hostel fees from its learners. Other medical colleges that are run by the government might ask for a bit higher fee, still, it is quite less than what is asked by private institutes.

Scope of MBBS and MD programs
MBBS is a tremendously dynamic field and jobs are available in both private and public hospitals. A person can apply for jobs in government medical institutes and even in numerous private hospitals. Doctors can also begin practicing on their own after getting them licensed and registered by the Medical Council of India. After completing MBBS, candidates can also choose to further their studies by pursuing MD programs.

After completing the MD degree, individuals get a host of employment opportunities before them. They can work in both public and private hospitals as physicians. Job prospects are also present in medical institutes/colleges, health segments of the state government, nursing homes, and clinics. After completing MD, individuals can also work as educators or research fellows in several universities and colleges that teach healthcare education. They also have the choice of working as a self-employed individual and conduct their private practice.

First COVID-19 vaccine human trial finds it is safe, induces immune response

The first COVID-19 vaccine to reach phase I clinical trial is safe, well-tolerated, and capable of generating an immune response against the novel coronavirus in humans, says a new research published in The Lancet journal.

According to the study of 108 adults, the vaccine produced neutralising antibodies, and a response mediated by the immune system''s T-cells against the novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2.

However, the scientists, including those from the Beijing Institute of Biotechnology in China said further research is needed to confirm whether the vaccine protects against SARS-CoV-2 infection.

In the trial, carried out in 108 healthy adults, the vaccine demonstrated promising results after 28 days, with the final results to be evaluated in six months, the study said.

"These results represent an important milestone. The trial demonstrates that a single dose of the new adenovirus type 5 vectored COVID-19 (Ad5-nCoV) vaccine produces virus-specific antibodies and T cells in 14 days," said study co-author Wei Chen from the Beijing Institute of Biotechnology.

Based on the results, Chen said the vaccine is a potential candidate for further investigation.

However, the researchers cautioned that the results should be interpreted carefully.

"The challenges in the development of a COVID-19 vaccine are unprecedented, and the ability to trigger these immune responses does not necessarily indicate that the vaccine will protect humans from COVID-19," Chen explained.

The Ad5 vectored COVID-19 vaccine used in the trial is the first to be tested in humans, the scientists said.

It uses a weakened common cold-causing adenovirus -- which infects human cells readily, but is incapable of causing disease -- to deliver genetic material that codes for the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein to the cells, the study noted.

The scientists said these cells then produce the spike protein, and travel to the lymph nodes where the immune system creates antibodies.

These then recognise the spike protein and fight off the coronavirus, the researchers explained.

In the trial, they assessed the safety and ability of the new Ad5-nCoV vaccine to generate an immune response of different dosages in 108 healthy adults between the ages of 18 and 60 years.

The volunteers were assigned to receive either a single injection of the new Ad5 vaccine at a low dose, middle dose, or a high dose, they said.

According to the study, the volunteers’ blood was checked at regular intervals following vaccination to see whether the vaccine stimulated two parts of the immune system.

These are the body’s ‘humoral response’, which is the part of the immune system that produces antibodies to fight infection, and the ''cell-mediated'' arm, which depends on a group of T cells to fight the virus, the scientists said.

They added that an ideal vaccine candidate generates both antibody and T cell responses to defend against SARS-CoV-2.

Based on the results, the researchers said the vaccine was well tolerated by the volunteers at all doses with no serious adverse events reported within 28 days of vaccination.

They said most adverse events were mild or moderate, with 83 per cent of those receiving low and middle doses of the vaccine and 75 per cent in the high dose group reporting at least one adverse reaction within 7 days of vaccination.

These reactions were mild pain at the injection site reported in over half of vaccine recipients, fever in 50 per cent of them, fatigue, headache, and muscle pain as well.

Within two weeks of vaccination, the study noted that all dose levels of the vaccine triggered some level of immune response.

Some of the participants, the researchers said, also exhibited a form of neutralising antibodies against SARS-CoV-2.

After 28 days, they said most participants had a four-fold increase in binding antibodies.

The scientists also added that 50 per cent of the participants in the low- and middle-dose groups, and three-quarters of those in the high-dose group showed neutralising antibodies against SARS-CoV-2.

In the majority of volunteers, they said the vaccine also stimulated a rapid T cell response.

On further analyses, the researchers said the majority of recipients showed either a positive T cell response, or had detectable neutralising antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 as much as 28 days after vaccination.

However, they said high pre-existing immunity to adenovirus type 5 -- the common cold virus vector used in the study, may have reduced both the antibody and T-cell response in the participants.

"Our study found that pre-existing Ad5 immunity could slow down the rapid immune responses to SARS-CoV-2 and also lower the peaking level of the responses," said Feng-Cai Zhu from the Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention in China, who led the study.

Citing the main limitations of the trial, the authors said the study had a small sample size and was conducted in relatively short duration, with a lack of randomised control group.

They said further research will be needed before this trial vaccine becomes available to all.

JOB POST: JRF (Under SERB & DBT Funded Project) at NIMHANS, Bangalore [3 Vacancies]: Apply by May 27

The National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro-Sciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore invites applications from meritorious candidates for the posts of Junior Research Fellows in SERB & DBT funded projects at the institute.

The post details are given below.

1. Junior Research Fellow (01)
Applications are invited from the eligible candidates, for filling up the posts of “Junior Research Fellow” on contract basis in the SERB funded project entitled “Structural insights into understanding the molecular mechanism of PlyGRCS Endolysin and Putative Amidase from Staphylococcus Aureus: Potential biotherapeutic agents against Staphylococcal infections” under Dr.B.Padmanabhan, Professor and Head, Department of Biophysics & Principal Investigator.

Post-Graduate in Biophysics/ Bioinformatics/ Biotechnology.
The applicant should have substantial experience in bioinformatics or protein crystallography.
The candidate should further have one or two years of research experience in the relevant field.

Rs. 38,000/- per month (Consolidated)

The initial appointment will be made for a period of one year and will be extended further depending upon the performance of the candidate.

How to Apply?
Eligible candidates fulfilling the criteria must email their application, along with resume and age proof to the candidates, who apply, should invariably mention the Notification No., Date, email ID, Contact No. & Postal address, failing which the application will not be considered. The last date for receipt of filled in softcopy of the applications along with the relevant documents is 27.05.2020.

2. Junior Research Fellow (02)
Applications are invited from the eligible candidates, for filling up the posts of “Junior Research Fellow” on contract basis in the DBT funded project entitled “Insights into the function of membrane protein trafficking from the crystal structure of the human tubby-like protein, TULP3: A key player in Neuronal Development” under Dr..B. Padmanabhan, Professor and Head, Department of Biophysics & Principal Investigator.

Post-Graduate in Biophysics/ Bioinformatics/ Biotechnology.
The applicant should have substantial experience in bioinformatics or protein crystallography.
The candidate should further have one or two years of research experience in the relevant field.

Rs. 38,000/- per month (Consolidated)

The initial appointment will be made for a period of one year and will be extended further depending upon the performance of the candidate.

How to Apply?
Eligible candidates fulfilling the criteria must email their application, along with resume and age proof to the candidates, who apply, should invariably mention the Notification No., Date, email ID, Contact No. & Postal address, failing which the application will not be considered.

The last date for receipt of filled in softcopy of the applications along with the relevant documents is 28.05.2020.

Phone Number: 2699500

Email ID:

Best Courses after MBBS

Lets take a look into some prominent courses after MBBS which can provide various job opportunities available after the degree. The courses are mentioned below:

  • M.Tech in Biomedical Engineering and Biological Sciences
  • Masters in Hospital Administration
  • MS in Microbiology
  • MS in Clinical Pathology
  • Diploma in Health Education
  • Diploma or Masters (MS) in Occupational Health
  • Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology
  • Diploma in Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
  • Diploma or MS in Sports Medicine
  • Diploma or MS in Immunohematology
  • Diploma or MS in Pathology
  • Diploma in Pediatrics
  • Diploma in Nuclear medicine
  • Diploma in Psychiatry
  • Diploma in Radiotherapy
  • MBA
  • MBA in Healthcare Management
  • Masters in Hospital Administration
  • Masters in Public Health
  • Masters in Bio-Statistics or Epidemiology

Another course which is very popular after MBBS is Masters in Medical Sciences and Technology or Masters in Translational Medicine or Molecular Medicine, which combines both sciences and technology. Those specializing in the area need to attain knowledge of the following:

  • Translational Medicine
  • Molecular Imaging and Image Analysis
  • Regenerative Medicine
  • Nanomedicine
  • Medical Imaging
  • Biomaterials and Implants
  • Medical Statistics
  • Telemedicine
  • Stem Cells
  • Biomedical Instrumentation
  • Clinical Biomarkers
  • Immuno-technology
  • Recombinant DNA Technology
  • Biosensors
  • Early Detection of Cancer
  • Cancer Biology
  • Biomedical Simulation

Alternative Career Paths after MBBS

It’s a common belief that there are no options for MBBS graduates apart from clinical and teaching practices. Many people still believe that “Without PG MD or MS there is no career”. This is a wrong perception. A career in medicine is not easy at all. So, a few folks might look for alternate careers after MBBS. Moreover, with the growing competition in the medical field, MBBS is no longer considered as the final qualification. In this post, we will look at the best alternative career options after MBBS and top courses after MBBS.

In today’s fast-paced and competitive world many doctors are searching for challenging career paths apart from their clinical practices. The more demanding nature of medical practices has forced many to take bolder steps and more open to changing careers. In this article, we will discuss the various other career paths and courses after the MBBS degree. Here are a few roles open to medical graduates.

Medical / Pharmaceutical Researcher

The medical research field is a dynamic one that is constantly developing. Those who conduct experiments and analyze results to learn more about the human body and potential treatments are medical researchers. The researchers are often required to work in the pharmaceutical industry, academia, hospital labs, and research institutes. They formulate new drugs and clinical approaches via focused research and analysis. Translational Medicine or Translational Research is a great career path for MBBS graduates who wish to combine lab/bench research and clinical duties. 

Medico-Legal Advisor

This field is quite demanding as they deal with the legal angle of the medical cases. This is a highly paid alternative career option for those interested in a medico-legal career. They may even require attending court trials, running workshops as well as holding lectures, and writing articles regarding the same.

Clinical Forensic Medical Examiner

After completion of your MBBS course, one can take up this interesting route to become a Clinical Forensic Medical Examiner. Their role is to deal with examining the living and forensic pathologists are trained to carry out medical examinations on the dead.

Health / Medical Journalism and Medical Writing

Journalism itself is a very wide field, but those with scientific & medical credentials and have adequate experience have the edge over the vast majority of journalists who come mostly from other social science backgrounds. Some medics undertake this as an addition, rather than an alternative to their clinical practice.

As a medical writer, you can work in academia, industry (medical devices, pharmaceuticals, etc.), news organizations, government, or for yourself. You can write manuscripts, reports on clinical trials, news articles, regulatory submissions, meeting abstracts, patient education materials, and even slide decks.

For this alternative career path, you may need to gain extra qualifications to start a successful journalism career. Doctors with a passion for writing, undertake clinical writing and editorial activities for pharmaceutical and healthcare companies which are a lucrative career too.

Public Health Worker

Public health is about promoting and protecting the health of the general population. It is one of the most challenging and honorable jobs since you might work on preventing the spread of infectious diseases or environmental health hazards and work with your government on many crucial projects on saving millions of lives. You could also be involved in strategies to improve the accountability, efficiency, and effectiveness of your health service.

Medical Teacher/ Professor

Medical education is one of the best career paths you can choose after MBBS. With a teaching career, you can always be in touch with your medical world along with many other things. You can support trainee medical students or doctors, educating the public, be it in your home country or abroad. It can earn you a handsome amount as well for your expertise.

 Hospital Administration

One of the most lucrative career alternatives after MBBS is to get into the hospital Administration. The administrative jobs are the long-standing options for doctors, especially for the senior and elder doctors. It’s a fact that clinical experience makes doctors better administrators as they understand the health system inside out thus enhancing the hospital’s credibility.

To overcome the challenge of a lack of business acumen, many doctors are opting for this alternative career and taking up business courses and pursuing an MBA (maybe MBA in healthcare management) in an attempt to position themselves for the role of a hospital administrator.

Clinical Forensic Medical Examiner

After completion of your MBBS course, one can take up this interesting route to become a Clinical Forensic Medical Examiner. Their role is to deal with examining the living and forensic pathologists are trained to carry out medical examinations on the dead.

Forensic Psychiatry

Forensic psychiatry is a subspeciality of psychiatry and is related to criminology. It encompasses the interface between law and psychiatry. This field is also closely related to the field of medico-legal study, which involves the treatment and healing of mentally ill criminal offenders.

DIAT Recruitment 2020 Out – SRF & JRF Vacancy!!

DIAT Recruitment 2020 Notification Released. Defence Institute of Advanced Technology, Pune is looking young Science / Engineering graduates for a position of Junior Research Fellow (JRF) or Senior Research Fellow (SRF) to work under the DRDO Project entitled “Electrically Tuneable 3 -3.45μm Quantum Cascade Laser for LiDAR Application” and “Design and Development of THz Quantum Cascade Laser”. The details/eligibility conditions for selection are given provided below.

DIAT Recruitment 2020

JRF: Master degree in Physics/Electronics Science/ Applied Physics/Optics/Photonics or equivalent, First Class with UGC/CSIR-NET

SRF: ME/ M.Tech/M.Phil in Physics/Electronics Science/Applied Physics/Laser & Electro-optics/ Laser Technology/ Applied Optics/Photonics/ Opto-Electronics and Optical Communication/ Electronics Engg./ Electronics & Comm. Engg. Or equivalent First Class (@) Or Master degree in Physics/Electronics Science/ Applied Physics/Optics/Photonics or equivalent with Two-year research experience above the area of specialization

Age Limit
The crucial date for determining the upper age limit not to exceed 28 Years for JRF and 30 Year for SRF is 01st Jun 2020. Upper age limit is relaxable up to 05 years in case of candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes / Scheduled Tribes, Women and up to 03 years in case of candidates belonging to OBC).

Pay Scale
Rs. 31000/- per month for JRF and 35000/- per month for SRF

Selection Process
Candidate’s selection is based on Interview only

How to Apply
A Brief bio-data duly signed & Application form (available on DIAT website as Appendix) scanned in PDF, Proof of Date of Birth and Final Year / Previous Year Marksheet (if available), may be sent on the Email ID of the Principal Investigator( ) with a subject titled “Application for JRF/SRF” on or before 01st June 2020. Based on the suitability for the project, the applicants will be called for interview (in person or video conference). No TA/DA will be paid for attending the interview. The names of the candidate shortlisted for interview will be made available on the DIAT website, and an Email will be sent to suitable candidates.

Candidates have to bring their original applications with all necessary educational and other supporting documents/project reports/publications etc. on the day of the interview

Regional Centre for Biotechnology Recruitment Research Assistant/ Research Associate

Regional Centre for Biotechnology Recruitment May 2020 M.Sc./M.Tech/Ph.D. in Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Microbiology , Life Sciences or any other allied field. for Research Assistant/ Research Associate @ Haryana. Interested candidates may Apply online for selection as detailed below.
Vacancy details:
Post Name: Research Assistant/ Research Associate
Qualification: M.Sc./M.Tech/Ph.D. in Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Microbiology , Life Sciences or any other allied field.
Experience: 0-2 years for Research Assistant/ 2-5 years for Research Associate
Job Description: We have requirement for the post of  Research Assistant/ Research Associate in Regional Centre for Biotechnology !

  •  Should be having sound understanding and/or handson over modern biotechnology techniques viz., Nucleic acid isolation, PCR, qPCR, RT-PCR, ELISA, SDS-PAGE, 2DGE, WB, Microarray, protein-array and Flow-cytometry. 
  •  Experience in molecular and/or serological diagnostic and development of cell based assay would be a plus. 
  •  Should be having analytical bend of mind and problem solving skills. 
  •  Should be able to perform the day-to-day laboratory task independently with minimum or no supervision. 
  •  Should be a team player and be adapt to the lab culture. 
  •  Sound oral and written communication skills

Contact details:
Dr. Suresh Thakur
NextGen Invitro Diagnostics Pvt Ltd
BSC BioNEST Bio-Incubator, Regional Centre for Biotechnology,
NCR Biotech Science Cluster, Faridabad, Haryana-121001
Tel: +91 9601651070

Disclaimer: Following job opportunities are available with BBB incubated companies. Please note that these positions have no relationship with Regional Centre for Biotechnology.

Important details: 

Location: Haryana
Salary :NA
Openings : 02
Selection Process: The selection will be on the basis of Interview.

UGC Rules, Regulations & Guidelines 2020 for Assistant Professor & JRF

According to the UGC Regulations, the minimum eligibility criteria for the assistant professor or equivalent posts in the UGC Approved Universities or colleges are as follows:

  • The candidates, who wish to get appointed as an assistant professor, JRF or equivalent posts should possess the SET/SLET, NET certificates and have a Masters degree.
  • A minimum of 55% marks is required at the post-graduation level for recruitment of teachers in the universities or colleges.
  • The candidates shall have a master’s degree or its equivalent with aggregate 55% marks from recognized university or institutes for admission to the Ph.D. programs.
  • A person whose M.Phil thesis has been evaluated and the viva voce is pending may be admitted to the Ph.D. program of the same Institution.

Note: Candidates who obtained a Ph.D. degree before 2009, will be exempted from the requirement of NET/ SLET/ SET for recruitment and appointment of Assistant Professor or equivalent positions in Universities/ Colleges/ Institutions.

If you meet the required eligibility conditions, you can check out the details of the selection procedure for assistant professor and other teaching staff, given below.

UGC Guidelines for Selection of Assistant Professor and Other Teaching Staff

As per the guidelines for appointment of an Assistant Professor, selection committee in the universities shall have the composition of following members:

1. The Vice-Chancellor shall be the Chairperson of the Selection Committee.

2. If required, an academician can be nominated by the Visitor/Chancellor.

3. Three experts in the concerned subject nominated by the Vice-Chancellor whose names are approved by the relevant statutory body of the university.

4. Dean of the concerned faculty (Not compulsory).

5. Head/ Chairperson of the Department/ School.

6. An academician, representing SC/ST/OBC/Minority/Women/Differently-abled categories, only if any of the above members of the selection committee do not belong to that category.

7. At least four members, including two outsiders, subject experts shall constitute the quorum.
How the Selection Process of Assistant Professor takes place?

1. For being selected as an assistant professor, the candidates are required to submit bio-data in prescribed format of the respective university along with a copy of their significant publications.

2. As per the UGC new guidelines for PhD, the institutes release the prescribed notification of admission process for the Ph.D. The admission process consists various steps like admission test, interview, document verification etc.

3. According to new UGC Regulations, No University, Institution and College can conduct Ph.D. Programs through distance education mode. However Part-time Ph.D. will be allowed if UGC Ph.D. Regulations 2020 are followed by Institutes.

Note: As per the draft policy of new UGC Regulations, a PhD degree will be must to become an assistant professor at university level from 2021.

However, NET would not be required for those who completed their Ph.D. from the universities ranking among the top 500 in the world, as per Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), the Times Higher Education (THE) or the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU).

Candidates who fulfill the above criteria will be eligible for assistant professor or to pursue the Ph.D. Degree.

Pay Scale - UGC Regulation 2020 for Assistant Professor’s Salary and Promotion

Lectureship is considered as one of the noble professions for decades. While being recruited as an Assistant Professor, you can get attractive pay scales & job allowances.
Check the UGC Guidelines for the Assistant Professor 2020 pay scale:
1.) The formula of the 7th CPC is followed in the academic pay structure for lecturers and equivalent posts.

2.) Increment: The annual increment is given in the pay matrix at 3% rounded off to nearest 100.

3.) Promotion: When an Individual gets a promotion, he would be given a national increment in his existing academic level of pay.

4.) Allowances: The decision of allowances will be taken after consultation with the Ministry of Finance based on the decision of the Government of India for Central Government employee.

Important Note: As per the media reports, Finance Minister Dr. Thomas Isaac has signed the order to double the salary of guest lecturers in government and aided colleges.

UGC NET or JRF qualified lecturers will get Rs 1750 per day and maximum Rs 43,750 for 25 working days in a month. Those without UGC qualifications will get Rs 1600 and maximum Rs 40,000 per month.

SSC CGL 2020 –Important Dates, Notification, Vacancy, Exam Date, Eligibility, Application

Staff Selection Commission will hold the Combined Graduate Level Examination, 2019 for filling up of various Group “B” and Group “C” posts in different Ministries/ Departments/ Organizations. The details of the examination are as follows in our blog. Candidates can know the notification details and apply for this post. Stay Active with us for further updates!!

SSC CGL 2020

Name of the Board   - Staff Selection Commission
Post Name          -       Group “B” and Group “C”
Vacancy                  -       Various
Start Date to Apply -      15.09.2020
Last Date to Apply -      15.10.2020
Tier I Exam         -      March 2021
Status                 -      Notification Released Soon

Educational Qualification
Assistant Audit Officer/ Assistant Accounts Officer:

Essential Qualifications: Bachelor‟s Degree from a recognized University or Institute.

Desirable Qualifications: Chartered Accountant or Cost & Management Accountant or Company Secretary or Masters in Commerce or Masters in Business Studies or Masters in Business Administration (Finance) or Masters in Business Economics.

During the period of probation direct recruits shall have to qualify the “Subordinate Audit/ Accounts Service Examination” in respective branches for confirmation and regular appointment as Assistant Audit Officer/ Assistant Accounts Officer.

Junior Statistical Officer:

Bachelor‟s Degree in any subject from a recognized University or Institute with at least 60% Marks in Mathematics at 12th standard level; or Bachelor‟s Degree in any subject with Statistics as one of the subjects at degree level.

Statistical Investigator Grade-II

Bachelor‟s Degree in any subject with Statistics as one of the subjects from a recognized University or Institute. The candidates must have studied Statistics as a subject in all the three years of the graduation course.

All other Posts
Bachelor‟s Degree from a recognized University or equivalent.

The candidates appearing in the final year of their graduation can also apply, however they must possess Essential qualification on or before 01-01-2020.

Age Limit
Candidate should have an age limit of between 18 yrs to 32 yrs and it differs from post to post.

Candidates will have a pay of Level 4 to Level 08 in the pay matrix

Scheme of the Examination
The Examination will be conducted in four tiers as indicated below:

  • Tier-I: Computer Based Examination
  • Tier-II: Computer Based Examination
  • Tier-III: Pen and Paper Mode (Descriptive paper)
  • Tier-IV: Computer Proficiency Test/ Data Entry Skill Test (wherever applicable)/ Document Verification.

The Commission reserves the right to make changes in the Scheme of Examination.

How to apply, Application Fee and Mode of Payment

  1. The applications must be submitted through online mode only. For detailed instructions on filling online application, please refer to Annexure-III and Annexure-IV.
  2. Fee payable: Rs. 100/- (Rupees One Hundred only).
  3. Fee can be paid through BHIM UPI, Net Banking or by using Visa, Mastercard, Maestro, RuPay Credit or Debit card or in cash at SBI Branches by generating SBI Challan.
  4. Women candidates and candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST), Persons with Disability (PwD) and Ex-servicemen (ESM) eligible for reservation are exempted from payment of fee.
  5. Online fee can be paid by the candidates up to mentioned date in notification. However, candidates who wish to make the payment through challan of SBI, may make the payment at designated branches of SBI within the working hours of bank up to mentioned date provided the challan has been generated by them before mentioned date
  6. Applications received without the prescribed fee shall not be considered and summarily rejected. No representation against such rejection will be entertained. Fee once paid shall not be refunded under any circumstances nor will it be adjusted against any other examination or selection
  7. Candidates who are not exempted from fee payment must ensure that their fee has been deposited with SSC. If the fee is not received by SSC, status of Application Form is shown „Incomplete‟ and this information is printed on the top of the 15 printout of online Application Form. Further, status of fee payment can be verified at the „Payment Status” link provided in the candidate‟s login screen. Such applications which remain incomplete due to non-receipt of fee will be SUMMARILY REJECTED and no request for consideration of such applications and fee payment after the period specified in the Notice of Examination shall be entertained.

JOB POST: Junior Research Fellow at Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore: Apply by June 5

Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA) is an autonomous academic national institution under Department of Science & Technology, Govt. of India dedicated to research in Astronomy, Astrophysics and Allied Sciences & Technology.

Eligible young, bright and highly motivated individuals are invited for the post of Junior Research Fellow to work for Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB) (Department of Science and Technology, Government of India) funded project titled “Connecting Solar Interior Dynamics to Variable Solar Activity and Space Weather”.

No. of Posts

The qualifying degrees for this position are M.Sc/Integrated M.Sc./ B.S.-M.S. (Physics, Applied Physics, Engineering Physics, Applied Mathematics, Astronomy, Electronics, Photonics, Optics), M.E./M.Tech or Integrated M.E/M.Tech (Applied Physics, Engineering Physics, Computer Science, Electrical, Electronics, Instrumentation, Photonics, Optics, Opto-Electronics, Radio Physics & Electronics) with minimum 60% marks aggregate or equivalent grade (full time regular course) from a recognized University/Institution(completed by July 2020) and qualified in at least one of the National Eligibility Test i.e. UGC – CSIR – NET (Physics, JRF / LS) [June or December 2019] / GATE (Physics) [2019/2020] / JEST (Physics) [2019].

Experience in Python or Fortran or C programming
Candidate with research experience and publication in related topics

Job Description
To work on developing numerical/computational tools and perform science using large volume space-based observational data for the project “Connecting Solar Interior Dynamics to Variable Solar Activity and Space Weather”

Below 28 years as on 1st June 2020

Rs. 31,000/- per month + Admissible HRA

Nature of Post
The appointment is purely temporary on contract basis and does not confer any privilege or benefit applicable to regular employment. No claim whatsoever for regular employment in the Institute shall be entertained.

The tenure of fellowship is initially for one year, may continue for the next two years subject to satisfactory performance of the candidate and requirement of the project.

How to Apply?
Interested candidates can apply for the post through this link..

Application Deadline
June 5, 2020


The University of Delhi issued a letter to all the Heads of the Departments of the colleges that come under its administration.

This two paged letter firstly gives a clue to the HOD of the colleges that the University shall take the final year’s students’ examination. For the same, it has issued guidelines to the colleges for how to prepare the examination question papers.

The details of the letter issued by the Dean (examination) of the University of Delhi regarding the 3rd year students’ examination are given in detail below.


The Dean (examination), University of Delhi briefly describes that the examinations for the final year students shall be conducted remotely. The examinations shall be conducted for final year students under PG and UG courses at the University Of Delhi.


However, University of Delhi has not confirmed anything about the first and second-year examinations but the university has made it clear that it would conduct the examinations for 1st / 2nd years simultaneously for repeaters who are in 3rd year/ final year. It means that the university shall take the examinations of all the final year students having backlog in their previous semesters.


The open letter consists of a detailed explanation for the final year students of the University of Delhi. The letter stated that the examination question paper shall be uploaded on the official portal of DU and the students have to download the question paper of their respective courses. After the download is completed the students have to solve it on the plain white sheets.


As the entire world is suffering from the lockdown, the University of Delhi has given students a relief of using the books and reference material to answers the question that is asked in the question paper. This type of examination is called OPEN BOOK EXAMINATION. The students shall use the books during this examination.


The duration of the examinations will be of two hours. However the University will give an extra hour for downloading the question paper. Meanwhile the scanning of the answer sheets, and uploading these answer sheets to the University’s portal will include in this extra hour provided by the university.


The students will have to upload the answer sheets to the University of Delhi’s official portal within three hours from the start of the virtual examination. It means that the students will get two hours for solving the question paper and the rest one hour is for downloading the question paper, scanning the answer sheets, and finally uploading it to the University’s website.


The University of Delhi has allowed the students to use books during the examination. But this would not be helpful to the students in the real sense if we look into the explanation stated by Dean (examination), for it.

The letter stated that the examination question paper will be framed in a manner that will check the understanding of the concept and the analytical skills of the student appearing for the examination.
Thus there shall be no scope for cheating or verbatim copying from the books or the reference study material during the examination.


As the letter issued by the Dean(Examination), the University of Delhi discussed even the minute details of the examination. it also discussed that the question paper will consist of 3 sets for each course of both UG and PG programs that will be set by the department itself.


The question paper will be uploaded on the official website of the University of Delhi on the special examination portal created by the University. The details of the Login Credentials will be shared shortly by the students before the Examinations.

The question paper that will be formulated for the final year students’ examinations will consist of  6 questions out of which the students have to attempt only 4 questions of their choice in the time of 2 hours.


The question paper will include 6 questions and the questions will not be further divided into parts like (a), (b) or (c). The maximum marks for the question paper will be 75 and 100 in the case of SOL/NCWEB papers


The HOD of the colleges has to send the question papers to the Dean (examination), the University of Delhi by 3rd June 2020.

Above mentioned are the details regarding the doubts of the examinations.  However, these are not yet announced on the University’s Official Website. We tried to confirm from many faculties of Delhi University College, they said it is not fake but yet to be finalized or it can be seen as the initial stage proposal.
At the end of the letter, the Dean requested the cooperation of all the teachers in these challenging times just for the sake of the welfare of students.

Discover Exam Pattern and Composition of Next UGC-NET Exam 2020

New Delhi:  The UGC-National Eligibility Test (NET) is one of the toughest competitive exams in India. In December 2019 UGC NET test, more than 10 lakh candidates registered to appear the test.

The national lockdown due to COVID 19 has prompted the National Testing Agency (NTA) to extend the application portal for UGC NET Exam to 16 May 2020.

Considering Corona Pandemic , the Union HRD Minister announced that the Exam of UGC NET June 200 will rescheduled. It is expected the Exam may be held in July-August 2020.  Earlier, the NTA had notified to conduct UGC-NET Exam during 15 June 2020 to 20 June 2020.

Now the candidates have nearly three months time to prepare the Entrance Test. Here, SkillOutlook presents the key points of exam pattern and composition of UGC-NET June 2020. Hence, the candidates can better understand the pattern and fine-tune their exam preparation.

Mode of Examination
 The Examination shall be conducted as Computer Based Test (CBT) only.

 The Test will consist of two papers. Both the papers will consist of objective type, multiple choice questions. There will be no break between papers.

The total duration of the test is 03 hours (180 minutes) without any break. All the questions are compulsory.

Paper I
 The questions in Paper I intends to assess the teaching/ research aptitude of the candidate. It will primarily be designed to test reasoning ability, reading comprehension, divergent thinking and general awareness of the candidate.

The total questions will be 50. Each question will carry two marks. Hence, the total marks assigned to Paper I is 100.

Paper II
 This is based on the subject selected by the candidate and will assess domain knowledge. The total questions will be 100. Each question will carry two marks. Hence, the total marks assigned to Paper I is 200.

There is no negative marking for incorrect response. No marks will be given for questions Unanswered/Marked for Review.

If a question is found to be incorrect/ambiguous during the key challenge, only those candidates who have attempted the question and chosen one of the correct answer would be given the credit. Only for dropped question(s), if any, marks will be given to all the candidates.

The candidates may note that the syllabus has been modified and the new syllabus applicable from June 2019 onwards has also been notified through a public notice on NTA website.

The number of candidates to be qualified (total slots or Eligibility for Assistant Professor) shall be equal to 6% of the candidates appeared in both the papers of NET.

In order to be considered for ‘JRF and Eligibility for Assistant Professor’ and for ‘Assistant Professor’, the candidate must have appeared in both the papers and secured at least 40% aggregate marks in both the papers taken together for General (Unreserved) category candidates and at least 35% aggregate marks in both the papers taken together for all candidates belonging to the following reserved categories (viz., SC, ST, OBC (belonging to Non-Creamy Layer, PwD and Transgender).

The NTA will upload Mock Test for UGC-NET June 2020 soon on the official website of NTA’s UGC-NET.

Last time the NTA conducted the UGC-NET Examination from 02 to 06 December 2019 for 10,34,872 candidates, covering 81 subjects. A total number of 7,93,813 candidates appeared the UGC NET Dec 2019.