Policies fail to make dent in Aboriginal joblessness

Australia: ABORIGINAL employment rates have slumped in the past five years, despite unprecedented efforts by the public and private sectors to increase indigenous workforce participation.

The Bureau of Statistics estimates that just 46.4 per cent of adult Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders had a job last year. That was a slight rise from 45.6 per cent in 2010 but well below the peak of 50.4 per cent in 2006.

The figures suggest that despite federal government intervention, numerous programs and private sector initiatives, indigenous participation in the workforce since 2006 has shrunk, not grown.
On these figures, for every 100 people added to the adult Aboriginal population in the past five years, only 22 had a job, while 78 were unemployed or outside the workforce.

Researchers have challenged the bureau's figures, which are complicated by the end of the Community Development Employment Program in remote communities. The program was essentially a work for the dole program, but the bureau counted those working on it as employed.

Australian National University economists Matthew Gray and Boyd Hunter have estimated that when CDEP participants are excluded, the bureau figures show that indigenous employment in non-CDEP jobs has been rising since 2006, especially among women.

But the bureau figures show a decline in employment rates among indigenous people in every state, every age group, and every type of location: big cities, regional areas and remote communities alike.

Even comparing three-year averages, the trends are the same. They suggest that indigenous workers, like other less skilled workers, have been the victims of the rise in unemployment and slowdown in jobs growth in Australia since the financial crisis began in 2008.
The Aboriginal leader Warren Mundine, the chief executive of GenerationOne, said the figures showed that existing policies were off track and should refocus on giving indigenous Australians clear pathways to jobs.

"I'm not surprised, to be honest," he said. "This is why GenerationOne has been campaigning to end funding of training courses unless there's a guaranteed job at the end of them.

"We've got Aborigines out there with more certificates than a Harvard law professor but they don't have jobs. You've got to get people job ready first".

"The GenOne approach is to deal first with their lifestyle issues, health issues, family issues and their education issues, literacy and numeracy - then give them training with a promise of a job at the end."

Mr Mundine said GenerationOne, a private sector non-profit group founded by the mining billionaire Andrew Forrest, had put 11,000 indigenous people into jobs and had pledges of 62,000 jobs from 330 companies.

"We're dealing with people who can't read and write, can't do maths," he said. "They're not job ready. Quite frankly, a lot of money is being spent, for very little outcome.

"We could resolve the employment problem in a generation but to do that, governments have to focus on the real issues."

Olympics boost helps cut UK unemployment to 2.58m

Unemployment has declined for a fourth successive month to its lowest level since last summer – 2.58 million people – as the Olympics helped offset the flat-lining economy and continued turmoil in the eurozone.

The Office for National Statistics said the number of people looking for work had fallen by 65,000 in the three months to May, driving the unemployment rate down to 8.1%, from 8.3% three months earlier. The ONS said the strong performance of London – with the capital registering 61,000 more people in employment over the period – indicated an Olympics link.

Falling unemployment will be welcome news for George Osborne, whose economic policies have come under fierce scrutiny after the International Monetary Fund slashed its growth forecast for the UK this year to just 0.2%.

Howard Archer, of consultancy IHS Global Insight, said: "The labour market is displaying impressive resilience given the very real likelihood that the economy suffered a third successive quarter of contraction in the second quarter." He suggested the boost to employment from the Olympics may have helped to contain unemployment.

The more timely claimant count measure of unemployment, which tracks the number of people receiving Jobseeker's Allowance, gave a conflicting signal, rising by 6,100 in June, to 1.6 million.

However, the ONS said that number may have been boosted by changes to the benefits regime for lone parents and incapacity benefit claimants, some of whom have been shifted to out-of-work benefits in a bid to bring them into the labour force. The number of women claiming JSA increased by 8,000, to 530,700, the highest level since 1995, and the ONS said the rise was likely to have been partly driven by the benefits rule-changes.

Youth unemployment, which the coalition government has sought to tackle through Nick Clegg's Youth Contract, has fallen by 10,000, the ONS said. The jobless rate for 16 to 24-year-olds slipped to 21.9% in the three months to May, from 22.1% three months earlier.

However, the squeeze on households' spending power is continuing, with average incomes rising at an annual rate of 1.5% in May, up just 0.1 percentage points on a month earlier. Inflation has fallen, according to separate figures released by the ONS on Tuesday, but it remains at 2.4%, suggesting many families are still seeing their living standards eroded.

Spain's unemployment rate edges up

Madrid: Spain's economic crisis continued to take its toll on employment in the second quarter, with the jobless rate edging up to 24.6 percent overall and more than 53 percent among youth.

Those figures - up from 24.4 percent and 52 percent in the previous quarter - mean unemployment in Spain remains the highest among the European Union's 27 member states, whose average jobless rate is 10.3 percent.

The latest results from the National Statistics Institute's EPA workforce survey reveal the human cost of the country's recession-mired economy, as the ranks of the unemployed swelled by 53,500 people between April and June to a record total of 5.69 million.

The statistics are even bleaker considering businesses traditionally take on workers in those months as they prepare for the start of the summer tourist season.

According to the EPA figures, the unemployment rate at the close of the second quarter already reached the level the government had projected for the end of the year.

The figures also showed that the number of households with all its members unemployed rose to nearly 1.74 million, up 370,200 from a year ago.

Deputy Prime Minister Soraya Saenz de Santamaria said Friday that Mariano Rajoy's administration has no plans to reverse course on the austerity track it has pursued through since taking office last December, adding that the unemployment figures "have their origin in the recession".

The government projects that Spain's economy, already officially in recession for the second time in three years, will contract by 1.5 percent in 2012.

According to projections announced last week by Finance Minister Cristobal Montoro, the country's gross domestic product will shrink by an estimated 0.5 percent next year before a recovery gets underway in 2014.

In a report released Friday, the International Monetary Fund took a more pessimistic view, forecasting that Spanish GDP will decrease by 1.2 percent next year and continue contracting in 2014.

The IMF revised its projections for Spain after Rajoy July 11 unveiled his administration's latest austerity package - including plans for more budget cuts and a hike in the sales tax aimed at shaving 65 billion euros ($80.5 billion) off the national budget deficit.

Those latest measures, which were in line with the IMF's own recommendations, will increase unemployment and inflation and lead to a drop in consumption, the report said.

The IMF projects that Spain's unemployment rate will remain higher than 24 percent until 2014 and above 20 percent as far out as 2017.

Rajoy's government defends the austerity measures, which have included sharply reducing subsidies to the coal sector, saying Spain must bring its budget deficit down to EU-mandated levels before it can start growing and creating jobs.

"Unless we fulfill our deficit objective, there won't be any way out of the crisis," Saenz de Santamaria said Friday.

International education policy of New Zealand

International education in New Zealand is being grown and shaped by several key policies.
The Government’s Economic Growth Agenda identifies international education as an area that can contribute more to New Zealand’s economic growth. Legislation was introduced into Parliament on 6 April 2011 to establish a new Crown agency for international education, Education New Zealand, to help in achieving this greater contribution. The agency began operations on 1 September 2011. It will enhance the marketing and promotion of New Zealand and New Zealand education providers, and carry out overseas representation.

The Ministry of Education will, however, retain a focus on international education, complementing that of Education New Zealand. The Ministry will take the lead on New Zealands education relationships with multilateral organisations, regulating education providers involved in export education and promoting better support of international students, working with Immigration New Zealand to ensure immigrating settings for interational students are optimal, and encouraging greater interationalisation of the curriculum across the education system.

It includes targets to:
  • increase annual revenues from providing education services offshore to at least $0.5 billion
  • develop and sustain mutually beneficial education relationships with key partner countries in Asia, the Pacific, the Middle East, Europe and the Americas
  • increase the number of international students enrolled in New Zealand providers offshore, from 3,000 to 10,000
  • double the number of international postgraduate students (particularly in programmes in addition to those at PhD level) from 10,000 to 20,000
  • increase the transition rate from study to residence for international university students
  • increase New Zealanders’ skills and knowledge to operate effectively across cultures.

To find out more about the International Education Agenda please visit:

To read the Ministry’s Statement of Intent 2011-2016, please visit:


The Ministry of Education Statement of Intent 2011/12-2016/17 includes as a key priority, ensuring that “Every young person has the skills and qualifications to contribute to New Zealand’s future.” Within the international education, the Ministry will “provide policy advice on how to improve the international knowledge and skills of New Zealand students”.

To find out more about the Code of Practice, please visit:

The Code of Practice for the Pastoral Care of International Students provides a framework for minimum standards, good practice procedures and a complaints procedure in relation to the hosting of international students in New Zealand schools and tertiary institutions. All providers enrolling international students must comply with the Code. 

International education statistics on Education Counts

The Ministry of Education holds various collections of statistical information relating to international education, obtained through Ministry of Education processes, including information relating to:
  • students’ international learning
  • international students in New Zealand
  • the internationalisation of New Zealand education providers
  • the benefits of international education to New Zealand.
Access our International Education statistics index to find the latest International Education statistics.

Go to our main statistics page and search a range of other statistics.

International education publications on Education Counts

The Ministry undertakes and commissions a variety of international education research, to inform policy and practice in the internationalisation of the New Zealand education system.

Access our International Education publications index to find the latest international education research.

Go to our main publications page and search for a range of education publications or use our publications search engine.

Other New Zealand government sites of interest

Te Kete Ipurangi is New Zealand’s bilingual education portal. An initiative of the Ministry of Education, it provides New Zealand schools and students a wealth of information, resources and curriculum materials to enhance teaching and learning, raise student achievement and advance professional development for teaching staff and school managers.

New Zealand Qualifications Authority is a Crown entity, responsible for quality assurance in the New Zealand education system, including its framework of qualifications.

Tertiary Education Commission is a Crown entity, responsible for funding the tertiary education system in New Zealand.

Statistics New Zealand is a government department and New Zealand’s national statistical office. It is the country’s major source of official statistics.

International students in New Zealand

See statistics about international doctoral students enrolled in New Zealand tertiary institutions. Data includes enrolments of international doctoral students by type of institution ('sub-sector'), by provider, by region of citizenship, and country of citizenship.

More details (XLS)

Angry birds in the workplace

In journalism, a little anger is par for course. Or so I was told at the time of my internship with a newspaper. This, right after a senior editor had devoured and spat out a correspondent in the aisle for not submitting a story on time.

The reasons: the daily deadline pressure, competitive environment and a constant rat race. Since then, we all have witnessed a number of public dressing downs, spats and general shouting. So much so, most of us don't even blink an eye now and surely, some of us secretly miss it!

But corporate rage hasn't really been studied. It's difficult to measure and its adverse impact hard to quantify. In fact, there have been studies that prove how a little anger laced with sarcasm actually improves productivity. The study published in the Journal of Applied Psychology tested how hearing different types of customer service calls affected students and their ability to perform. The study shows that people who were exposed to anger and sarcasm worked harder and smarter than people in a neutral environment.

At first, the students were made to listen to angry calls and pleasant calls. The result: the angry calls made them more focused but not necessarily any better at solving problems. What really worked was sarcastic humour. The conclusion: "Despite also listening to a form of anger - albeit laced with humour this time - these students performed better on the creative problems. The underlying anger helped to focus the students, the inherent humour of sarcasm helped to offset the damage that anger can do."

The flipside: even if people exposed to anger work harder, a habitual angry boss/work environment can have a negative impact within the team and the organisation as a whole.
Source: indiatimes.com

Canada's economy adds 7,300 jobs in June

TORONTO: Canada's unemployment rate inched down to 7.2 per cent in June as employers added 7,300 new jobs, Statistics Canada reported Friday.

The reporting agency said the jobless rate fell from 7.3 per cent in the previous month to 7.2 per cent in June as full-time jobs increased by 29,300 and part-time employment fell by 22,000 positions.

In addition, the number of hours worked increased by 0.4 per cent and hourly wages rose 3.4 per cent on an annual basis, up from May's 3 per cent.

It was the second month in a row that Canada saw minimal job gains after two stunning months - March and April - when the economy added 140,000 jobs, the biggest two-month gains in over 30 years. May saw an addition of 7,700 jobs.

Despite the size of the earlier increases in March and April, analysts still said it is good news that the gains were confirmed by May and June's numbers, rather than reversed.

"I'm never going to complain about a dip in the unemployment rate, and we did have a solid increase in hours worked in the month and the second quarter as a whole, which in some ways is almost a better measure," said Doug Porter, deputy chief economist with BMO Capital Markets.

"People were working longer hours and getting paid more for their efforts," he added, which should support consumer spending.

Economists said Canada's jobs picture remained superior to that in the United States, which reported disappointing job gains of only 80,000 in June. That kept the jobless rate in the U.S. at 8.2 per cent - a full point above Canada's.

Given the gloomy overall global backdrop, Jimmy Jean of Desjardins Capital Markets called the Canadian employment result fair, noting that it could have been much worse.

Jean said that the June employment numbers probably will have few implications for the Bank of Canada's interest rate policy.

The Canadian central bank had signaled in April that it was considering raising rates but has since softened its tone. Analysts say a rate increase from the Bank of Canada appears to be on hold for some time to come, with some looking as far into the future as 2014.

Economists had predicted a tight job market in June given flagging consumer and business confidence picked up in recent surveys.

Most of the gains last month occurred in the public sector, which saw a large 38,900 gain, while the private sector shed 26,000 jobs. Self-employment fell by 5,500.

Statistics Canada said the biggest gains were in business, building and other support services, where employment rose by about 24,000. Health care and social assistance added 20,000 and there was a gain of 19,000 in educational services.

Offsetting the employment gains, the number of workers in the information, culture and recreation fields fell by 31,000, while there were 20,000 fewer agricultural workers in June. There were also minor declines in construction and manufacturing.

Romney VS Obama Speeches After Jobs Figures Are Released

'A kick in the gut': Romney slams Obama for sluggish employment figures after as President insists June's 80,000 new jobs are a 'step in the right direction'.

President Barack Obama has hailed a jobs report that revealed that unemployment remained at 8.2 per cent, the third consecutive month of weak employment growth, and triggered a plunge in stocks as a 'step in the right direction'.

US Labour Department statistics for June showed that just 80,000 jobs were added to the economy in June, 10,000 below the already pessimistic consensus among economists and just 3,000 more than the paltry 77,000 in May that sent unemployment back up to 8.2 per cent.

Unemployment has now been at 8 per cent or higher for 41 months, the longest period of such levels since the Great Depression.

The US gained just 225,000 jobs in the past three months, fewer than in January alone and the weakest quarter of job growth for two years. If 2.5 million people who have given up searching for work had not been removed by statisticians, unemployment would be 14.9 per cent.
An average of just 75,000 jobs per month were been added to the US economy in the second quarter of the year, compared to 226,000 a month in the first quarter.

June saw unemployment rise to 14.4 per cent for black Americans and remain at 11 per cent for Hispanics. 780,000 more women are unemployed compared to the number when Obama took office in January 2009.

Obama and the White House, however, tried to put a positive spin on what was almost universally greeted as dismal news.

Wales is losing a quarter of its brightest students to jobs in England

Shadow Education Minister Angela Burns last night blamed a lack of opportunities for the “brain drain” of Wales’ university graduates.

Data published yesterday by the Higher Education Statistics Agency (Hesa) revealed that of those who found work in 2010-11, 75% of Welsh university students got jobs in Wales.

The rest were employed in England, where the starting graduate salary was up to £3,000 higher.

By comparison, 98% of English graduates and 86% of Scottish graduates who gained employment did so in their own countries.

Ms Burns, Conservative AM for Carmarthen West and South Pembrokeshire, said: “This taxpayer-subsidised ‘brain drain’ is symptomatic of a lack of opportunities for young people in parts of Wales.

“Over 13 years of successive Labour governments, not enough action has been taken in many Welsh communities to nurture economic growth and create jobs.

“Welsh ministers could make more job opportunities available to graduates by promoting entrepreneurship in the education system, abolishing business rates for small businesses and improving Wales’ poor levels of inward investment.”

Yesterday’s report is the latest in a long line to have raised fears over Wales’ apparent brain drain to other UK nations.

Earlier this year, data compiled by academics at Cardiff and Swansea universities found that Wales has lower retention rates – with regards to both the proportion of students studying and staying to find work in Wales – than anywhere else in the UK.

Despite economy is growing, more signs of slowing jobs growth

Despite some data showing the Australian economy is growing strongly, it may not be growing strongly enough to match the growth in the number of people wanting jobs.

New official figures show the number of job vacancies has dropped to a two-year low.

This won’t be news to the Reserve Bank, which convenes its monthly monetary policy next week. In the minutes of its June 5 board meeting, released last week, the RBA said ‘‘the unemployment rate was still expected to move somewhat higher over the coming quarters’’.

The day after the meeting, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) released the March quarter national accounts.The figures showed unexpectedly strong growth in gross domestic product (GDP) in real terms, 1.3 per cent from the quarter before and 4.3 per cent from a year before. In both cases they were well above long-term averages of around 0.8 per cent and 3.3 per cent, respectively.

There are signs that the pickup in growth has spilled over into job-creation. The trend in employment growth at last measure in May was 16,000 per month, compared with the 12,000 or so needed to offset population growth and stop the unemployment rate from rising.

Singapore Yearbook of Manpower Statistics

The Yearbook contains a wide range of statistics on the labour market. These include key data on the labour force, job vacancy, wages, redundancy, labour turnover, hours worked, conditions of employment, labour relations, workplace injuries and occupational diseases, higher education and skills training.

Release Date: 29 June 2012
Preface  ( 19 Kb)

Labour Force

Concepts and Definitions ( 26 Kb)

Income, Earnings and Wages

 Concepts and Definitions ( 27 Kb)

Employment, Hours Worked and Conditions of Employment

Concepts and Definitions ( 27 Kb)

Labour Turnover, Redundancy, Job Vacancy and Employment Service

 Concepts and Definitions ( 27 Kb)

Labour Relations

 Concepts and Definitions ( 30 Kb)

Workplace Injuries and Occupational Diseases

Concepts and Definitions ( 27 Kb)

Social Security

 Concepts and Definitions ( 22 Kb)

Higher Education and Skills Training

 Concepts and Definitions ( 86 Kb)

Key Economic Indicator

 Notations and Abbreviations ( 20 Kb)
 Copyright Notice ( 26 Kb)
 Feedback Form ( 23 Kb)
 Project Team ( 17 Kb)

Number of graduates in basic jobs doubles in five years

UK government statistics showed that the number of new  graduates working in jobs like cleaning or bar work has almost doubled to 10,000 in five years.

The figures, from the UK Higher Education Statistics Agency, also showed more than 20,000 were still out of work six months after leaving university. Overall the data showed 71% in work and a further 16% in continued study.

Universities Minister David Willetts said graduates were still doing better than people without degrees.

The figures showed 9% of new graduates were jobless six months after completing their degree in 2010-11.

This was the same proportion as the year before but almost double that for 2006-7 when the figure stood at 5%.

A further 5% were working in jobs such as labourer, courier, office junior, hospital porter, waiter/waitress, bar worker, cleaner or road sweeper - up from 3% five years ago.

The figures also showed a continuing rise in the numbers employed in sales and customer-service roles, such as sales assistant, market trader or call-centre staff - 20,675 (10%) of new graduates worked in these areas last year, a rise of more than 1,000 on the year before and up from 12,740 five years ago.

The figures showed the largest group, more than 47,000 people (23%), went into "associate professional and technical jobs", as nurses, paramedics, interpreters or laboratory technicians.

Drop in employment figures

Labour laws on temporary and agency employment have contributed largely to a drop in employment figures. See details..

Recession-hit graduates 'working as cleaners and porters'

A report appeared in the Telegraph (telegraph.co.uk) says that more than 20,000 degree students – almost one-in-10 – who left university last summer were without a job six months later.

Figures show that the number of unemployed graduates has increased by around 1,300 in 12 months and more than 9,000 in just four years. This was almost double the number in 2007 before the recession struck.

The university leavers are forced to take up “elementary” positions because of a shortage of well-paid graduate jobs during the recession, it was revealed.

Last year, some 10,270 graduates found work as labourers, couriers, office juniors, hospital porters, waiters, bar staff, cleaners, road sweepers and school dinner servers.

Of those in work, 14 per cent of ex-students were in sales and customer service positions, including sales assistants, market traders and call centre staff. Nine per cent were in administrative jobs and seven per cent were in elementary occupations, figures show.
However, almost a third of working students – around 47,350 – went into associate professional and technical jobs, covering laboratory technicians, nurses, paramedics, interpreters, police officers and the armed forces. This was the largest single category.