Stuck in Quarantine? Better your skills with these 8 online courses

1. Cognitive Fitness, Harvard University
This may not necessarily qualify as a professional course but even you’d agree that staying sharp as you age gets more and more difficult as you age. This course on Cognitive Fitness from Harvard Health Publishing brings information from Harvard experts on how to stay mentally sharp as you grow older. The course focuses on foods that help protect you against dementia, the importance of exercise and how it helps prevent Alzheimer’s disease and the importance of sleep as well as how to manage stress, what makes certain foods comforting and challenges your brain with puzzles and board games. Great course to motivate you to keep your memory and mind sharp.

2.Basic French Language Skills for Everyday Life, Alison
If you’ve found yourself at a loss among your French-speaking colleagues, this course is a great place to start. Basic French Language Skills for Everyday Life focusses on the basic phrases and introduces you to different aspects of the French language. The 6 to 10-hour course will also help you correctly use the past, present and future tenses and become comfortable in conversational French. If French doesn’t hold your interest, Alison hosts multiple courses in half a dozen other languages including Mandarin, German, Arabic, Spanish, Swedish and Japanese.

3. iPhone Photography Secrets, Udemy
Photography, as a hobby, has come a long way from dark rooms of the past. Gone are the days when you’d have to get to the end of a film roll, wait for it to be processed and receive a bunch of un-edited, oftentimes distorted pictures. Mobile cameras have since changed the game for the better and the sheer number of hacks that can make each model work better for you, is mind-boggling. iPhone Photography Secrets on Udemy teaches you different tools and techniques and offers handy tips to get great pictures on your iPhone. Starting with basic settings and functions and managing photos on your Camera Roll to building a creative eye and using appropriate apps for editing and special effects, this 8.5-hour course comprises 80 short video lessons to make the most of the camera that’s always with you. The course is great for creative types, sure, but also helpful if you’re the kind of suit who rakes in FF miles with a creative leaning.

4.  MBA Essentials, London School of Economics
Like it or not, MBA-ready skills are bound to set you apart from your peers in the job market. Whether you’re starting out or have found yourself plateaued mid-career, an MBA often helps you push yourself ahead (or indeed keep yourself) in the running. MBA Essentials is an online certificate course from London School of Economics that helps bring you up to speed with basic business skills that are required to thrive in any business environment. The course equips you to think differently and offers practical skills that you’ll need to rise up in your organisation. The MBA Essentials course has been developed by LSE academics from the Departments of Management and Accounting and is a 10-week course requiring 8-10 hours of dedication each week.

5. Diploma in Social Media Strategy, ALISON
If you’re senior enough in your company’s pecking order, you’ve likely palmed off your social media to that new intern (whose name you probably don’t know). Sure, we get that handling social media is probably the last thing on your daily to-do list but even you’ll agree that leaving your (or your company’s) social media at the mercy of an intern is probably not the best strategy. Instead of dismissing social media as “a young man’s game <insert eyeroll here>” it may be advisable to actually learn about “Instagram” and “Twitter” and… well you get the drift. This 20-hour diploma in Social Media Strategy will not just educate you on the basics of email marketing, blogging and creating a Facebook page that gets you/your company noticed but also take you through affiliate marketing and the different methods to help you increase your online visibility.

6. Successful Negotiation: Essential Strategies and Skills, Coursera
Yet another skill that’s more essential than you’d think, is negotiation. No matter what your profession is, negotiation skills are essential to you at every step of the way. Whether it’s asking for a salary when you’re joining an organisation, drawing up a contract or, indeed, asking for a hike in your current organisation – negotiation is part of your everyday life. Coursera hosts this University of Michigan course in successful negotiation by taking you through four important stages in six lessons that span 8.5 hours.

7. Machine Learning: Practical Applications online certificate course (London School of Economics)
Whether you’re a content writer, an MBA graduate, or an engineer, machine learning is going to be one of the major prerequisites in your professional life (if it isn’t already one). Machine Learning is an important tool that enables businesses to extract meaningful information from raw data. This 75-hour course focusses on putting principles of Machine Learning to practical use and equip you to use the techniques to real-world business problems. How far you go in your career will depend on how well you can solve problems for your organisation. It so happens, ML teaches you just that.

8. Communicating Strategically, edX
If there’s anything we’ve learnt from these last few weeks of the coronavirus pandemic it’s that strategic communication will always triumph over technical jargon or emotional appeals. We’ve seen that in addresses by Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and, more importantly, Anthony Fauci, the director of the American National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. This edX course is specifically for engineers, scientists and other technical professionals who may find it difficult to get their point across to a larger, non-technical, audience. The course will help you communicate better not just with people outside of your department but also those above you. This free course is about 30 hours long and is free. However, for a 50-dollar fee, you can add a PurdueX Verified Certificate on completing the course.

ICAR AIEEA 2020 Admit Card Release Date Changed

NTA has delayed the release of ICAR AIEEA admit card 2020 by 13 days.
 ICAR AIEEA 2020 is scheduled to be conducted on June 1.ICAR AIEEA exam dates were released in August by National Testing Agency (NTA). ICAR AIEEA 2020 application process is currently underway and aspirants can fill it till March 31.Admit cards for ICAR exam were to be released on April 25 but amid COVID-19 outbreak, NTA has issued a notification informing that ICAR AIEEA admit cards will now be released on May 8, 2020.

Important Dates for ICAR AIEEA 2020
Aspirants can go through important events and related dates for ICAR AIEEA exam in the table below:

How to download ICAR AIEEA Admit card
  • Visit official website of National Testing Agency (NTA)
  • Click on ‘ICAR (Agriculture)’ tab
  • Click on ‘ICAR website & registration’ tab
  • Click on ‘ICAR AIEEA admit card’ link
  • Enter login details – application number and password/ application number and date of birth
  • Click on either of the admit card downloading options - application number, date of birth and password
  • Click on ‘Sign In’ button
  • View ICAR AIEEA UG/ PG hall ticket
  • Download the admit card for ICAR AIEEA 2020
  • Take print of AIEEA admit card

Eligibility Criteria for ICAR AIEEA UG 2020
Before you plan to appear for the UG entrance exam, you must meet all the eligibility conditions prescribed below.

Nationality: Aspirants must possess a valid document that indicates their nationality as Indian.

Age Limit: Minimum age limit to appear for the exam is 16 years.

Educational Qualification: General category candidates must have secured at least 50% aggregate in 10+2 from CBSE or equivalent Board in Science stream. Those belonging to reserved categories such as SC/ST/PC will be given relaxation of 10% in aggregate.

Eligibility Criteria for ICAR AIEEA PG 2020
If an aspirant wants to appear for ICAR entrance test for PG admission in Agriculture and Allied Sciences, they must satisfy the eligibility conditions given below.

Nationality: Must possess a document issued by Government of India to confirm their nationality as Indian.

Age Limit: The minimum age limit to apply is 19 years (for all categories).

Educational Qualification: Should have completed his/ her graduation in BSc Agriculture or BVSc from a recognised University with at least 60% aggregate. For reserved categories, there is a relaxation of 10% in minimum marks required.

Important Documents for ICAR AIEEA 2020
Aspirants can go through the list of documents that they need to keep handy while filling the application form for ICAR AIEEA 2020.

  • ID card (Aadhar Card/ Voter’s ID/ Passport/ Driving Licence/ PAN Card)
  • Class 10 marksheet
  • Class 12 marksheet
  • Class 10 certificate for date of birth
  • Scanned photograph
  • Scanned signature
  • Scanned thumb print
  • Credit or debit card details (for payment of fee)

Steps to Fill ICAR Application Form 2020
Candidates can go through the steps they need to follow when filling ICAR application form for UG admissions below:
Step 1: Register for ICAR AIEEA

To fill the application form for ICAR AIEEA 2020, candidates need to first register for the science entrance exam. Details that candidates need to fill in order to register for ICAR exam include the candidate’s name, mother’s name, father’s name, date of birth, type of identification, gender, address, city, state, district, email address, mobile number, password and security question.

Step 2: Fill details in ICAR application form

Next, aspirants need to select the course for which they want to apply for ICAR exam as well as their academic details. Here, candidates also need to select their preferred ICAR exam centre.

Step 3: Upload documents

Here, candidates need to upload scanned copy of their photograph, signature and thumb imprint. The specifications for documents to be uploaded in ICAR application form are listed below:
Step 4: Pay application fee

Lastly, candidates need to pay the application fee for ICAR exam. ICAR AIEEA application fee 2020 can be paid by aspirants through online payment or by using real time-e-challan. The application fee for ICAR AIEEA 2020 is as mentioned below:

Indian Navy Jobs For Class 12, Class 10 Pass Students

Indian Navy recruits Senior Secondary Recruit (SSR), Matric Recruit (MR), and Artificer Apprentices (AA).

New Delhi: Students in class 10 or class 12 must already be thinking about their career path. With time at their hand, they have the option to explore multiple career paths and choose the one that fits their interest and skills. Indian Navy offers options to enter Navy as a Sailor for both class 10 and class 12 pass students.
Indian Navy recruits Senior Secondary Recruit (SSR), Matric Recruit (MR), and Artificer Apprentices (AA).

For the Artificer Apprentice (AA) post and Senior Secondary Recruit (SSR), an applicant must have passed class 12 with 60% or more marks in aggregate with Math and Physics and at least one of these subjects:- Chemistry/Biology/Computer Science from a recognized board of education.

For MR vacancy, the requirement is matriculation certificate from a recognized board of education.

Indian Navy advertises recruitment in employment news and all leading National and Regional newspapers. The advertisements are released twice - once in December-January, and again in June-July. The application forms are released on the Indian Navy website, ''.

The selection process usually constitutes of a written test, physical fitness test, and medical test. The written test is computer-based for all the posts. The question paper will comprise of four sections i.e. English, Science, Mathematics and General Knowledge and will be of 60 minutes duration.

For recruitment with Indian Navy, there are certain restrictions to having permanent tattoos. Permanent body tattoos are only permitted on inner face of forearms i.e. from inside of elbow to the wrist and on the reversed side of palm/ back (dorsal) side of hand. Permanent body tattoos on any other part of the body is not acceptable and candidate will be barred from recruitment.

'Extend UGC NET Application Deadline': Applicants To NTA On Twitter

Several UGC NET applicants have taken to twitter and urged the NTA to extend application dates for the UGC NET exam which is scheduled in June this year.

New Delhi: With the MHRD minister announcing that NEET UG and JEE Main exams have been postponed, applicants for other exams are also requesting MHRD and National Testing Agency to revise dates for the respective exams. Several UGC NET applicants have taken to twitter and urged the Ministry and NTA to extend application dates for the UGC NET exam which is scheduled in June this year.
Applicants are also asking if the date for UGC NET June exam will be changed given the prevalent conditions.The last date for UGC NET application is still far. The application process will end on April 16, but several applicants have complained that they are facing difficulty in completing the process and have requested that the deadline be extended.As per the official schedule for UGC NET June 2020, the application window will close on April 16. Application fee payment through online methods will be allowed till April 17.

UGC NET admit card will be released on May 15 and exam has been scheduled from June 15 to June 20, 2020.

Lakhs of candidates appear for UGC NET exam, which is an eligibility-cum-qualification exam for Assistant Professor and JRF.

In the UGC NET held in December 2019 a total of 60,147 candidates qualified for 'eligibility for Assistant Professor only', and 5,092 qualified for JRF and became eligible for Assistant Professorship. As per NTA, 10,34,872 candidates had registered for the exam out of which 7,93,813 appeared for the exam.

JOB POST: Project Associate-I/Junior Research Fellow at NIAB, Hyderabad

The National Institute of Animal Biotechnology is an Indian autonomous research establishment of the Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology.

Applications are invited from suitable candidate for filling up the following position at National Institute of Animal Biotechnology (NIAB), Hyderabad.

Name of Post
Project Associate-I/Junior Research Fellow

Project Title
DBT funded project entitled “Identification of key molecular factors involved in resistance/susceptibility to para tuberculosis infection in indigenous breeds of cows”.

Master’s Degree in Natural science or Agricultural Sciences / MVSc or bachelor’s degree in Engineering or Technology or Medicine from a recognized University or equivalent as per DST.

Desired Qualification
Degree in Computational Biology or Bioinformatics or System Biology or Biotechnology or any related branch of life sciences. Candidate with experience in programming (Perl or Python) and data analysis will be given preference.

Fellowship Amount
Rs. 31000/- PM + 24% HRA (if applicable) as per the DST guidelines.

Age Limit
35 years (Relaxation is admissible in case of SC/ST/OBC candidates as per Government instructions)

How to Apply?

  • Applications are to be filled ONLINE through this link. Online link for submission of application is available from 23 March 2020 and the last date is 12 April 2020 by 5 PM.
  • Candidates are advised to fill the online application form in sufficient time before the last date to avoid last-minute technical issues. Shortlisted candidates will be called for an interview prior to selection. TA/DA will not be paid for attending the interview.
  • No need to send hard copy. Interim enquiries will not be entertained.

Application Deadline
April 12, 2020

Tel: +91 40 2312 0103
Email: admin[at]

Call for Papers: LawClique Journal [Vol I, Issue I]: Submit by May 1

About the Journal

LAWCLIQUE JOURNAL is open access, peer-reviewed and refereed journal provide dedicated to express views on topical legal issues, thereby generating a cross current of ideas on emerging matters.

This platform shall also ignite the initiative and desire of young law students to contribute to the field of law. The erudite response of legal luminaries shall be solicited to enable readers to explore challenges that lie before lawmakers, lawyers and the society at large, in the event of the ever-changing social, economic and technological scenario.

LAWCLIQUE JOURNAL calls for unique and unpublished research papers, Short Notes, Book Reviews & Case Comments.

Submission must be related to any topic related to law.

Submission Guidelines

  • It should be in MS Word format.
  • There shall be an appropriate title of the manuscript.
  • The manuscript shall be original and unpublished.
  • The submission shall be grammatically correct, non-plagiarized and free from any spelling mistakes.
  • The manuscript with a Plagiarism more than 25% will not be accepted.
  • The full names of all the author(s) must be given in the cover letter.
  • There shall be a uniform method for citation in the manuscript.
  • The body of the manuscript shall be in Times New Roman, font size 12, 1.5 line spacing. Footnotes should be in Times New Roman and size 10, with single line spacing.
  • There shall be no Borders.

Word Limit

  • Research Papers(2500 – 8000 words including footnotes)
  • Short Notes: (1000-3000 words including footnotes)
  • Book Reviews: (1000-2000 words including footnotes)
  • Case Commentaries: (800-2000 words including footnotes)

How to submit?
Mail at lawclique19[at]

Publication Fee: There is no publication and processing fees as far as ISSUE 1 is concerned.

Contact Details

Contact Details
Call/Whatsapp: +91 6303306431

IGCAR Junior Research Fellowship Recruitment 2020

IGCAR Junior Research Fellowship IGCAR is empowering young, talented and motivated students to contribute towards advanced research in frontier areas of engineering/science/technology by offering Junior Research Fellowships in the areas of physical, chemical and engineering sciences. IGCAR, Kalpakkam is a constituent Institution of Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), a Deemed to be University of the Department of Atomic Energy.

Applications are invited from interested students of Indian Nationals for the award of Junior Research Fellowships at this Centre

Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR), is a premier research and development Centre under the Department of Atomic Energy. It is dedicated to the development of fast reactor technology and associated fuel cycle facilities based on intense multi-disciplinary research.

No.of Fellowship Posts: 30

Post: Junior Research Fellowship

Area of Research: Chemical thermodynamics, Solid-state and high-temperature chemistry, Electrochemistry, Spectroscopy and laser, Radiochemistry, Advanced separation techniques, Actinide Chemistry, Trace / ultra-trace analytical techniques. Synthesis and characterization of nano-ceramics and Chemical sensors. Super-hydrophobic coating, Corrosion resistant coating and evaluation

Age: The maximum age limit is 28 years of age as on the last date for receipt of application. A relaxation in age, up to 3 years in case of Other Backward Class applicants, 5 years in case of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe applicants and 10 years in case of Persons with benchmark disabilities ( 40% and more) is allowed

Eligibility: MSc in Chemistry (General, Applied, Organic, Inorganic, Physical, Analytical)

Selection Procedure

Applications will be scrutinized and suitability of candidates will be decided on the basis of their degree and academic record. Shortlisted suitable candidates under different categories will be further selected based on written test and INTERVIEW or DIRECT INTERVIEW.

Written Test will be held on 03/05/2020(Sunday) at Chennai .  Based on the number of applications received from various regions, number of Centres for written test may be increased and the same will be intimated to eligible candidates through call letter. Summary scrutiny of the application would be made for short-listing of candidates for the written test and detailed scrutiny of the eligibility of candidate would be done at the time of interview.

Note: Selected candidates shall register for PhD under HBNI. Those who join with M.Sc./M.Tech. will be eligible to register for direct PhD. Those who join with B.E./B.Tech./B.Sc. Engg./B.Sc. [Tech.] will be considered for integrated PhD with an option to have a single degree (Integrated PhD only) or a dual degree (M.Sc.(Engg.)+ PhD).


Direct PhD: Rs.31,000/- per month for the first two years. Rs.35,000/- per month from third year onwards. Eligible for a Contingency grant including book allowance of Rs.40,0_00/- per year.

Integrated PhD: First year: Rs.21,000/- per month plus one-time book allowance of Rs.25,000. Second and third years: Rs.31,000/- per month. Fourth, fifth and sixth years Rs.35,000/- per month. Eligible for a Contingency Grant of Rs.40,000/- per annum from second year onwards.

 Integrated PhD Double Degree: First-year Rs.21,000/- per month plus one-time book allowance of Seven Rs.25,000. Second- and third years: Rs.31,000/- per month. Fourth, years fifth, sixth and seventh years Rs.35,000 per month. Eligible for contingency Grant of Rs.40,000 per annum from second year onwards.

Selection Interviews:

The Selection Interview for all shortlisted candidates will be conducted at Kalpakkam. The candidates will have to appear for interview in the discipline in -which they have undertaken written test. The recommendation/decision of tl1e Selection Committee will be final and binding.

General  Instruction

  • Before applying, the candidate should ensure that he/she fulfils all the eligibility conditions mentioned in the advertisement. Candidates should ensure that they fill in the correct information. Furnishing of incomplete, false or misleading information shall render the application liable to be rejected. The candidate would be admitted to various stages of the recruitment process based on the information furnished by the candidate in his/her application. Only summary scrutiny of the application would be made before the final stage of the recruitment process and detailed scrutiny of the eligibility of the candidate would be done only at the final stage of the recruitment process. As such, the candidature of the applicant shall remain provisional till detailed scrutiny is undertaken and the candidate is found eligible in all respect. IGCAR would be at liberty to reject any application at any stage of the recruitment process if the candidate is found ineligible for the post or if it comes to notice that the candidate has furnished false information. The decision of IGCAR shall be final in deciding the eligibility of the candidate. The mere fact that a call letter has been issued to the candidate and allowed to appear in the written exam/interview will not imply that his/her candidature has been finally cleared or that entries made by the candidate in his/her application have been accepted as true and correct.
  •  Age, qualification, the validity of GATE/JEST/CSIR-UGC-NET/INSPIRE-DST, experience, community status, creamy layer status will be reckoned as on the closing date for submission of application online.

 How To Apply

  • Facility for submission of online application will be available from 16/03/2020 at 1000 hours to 03/04/2020 1700 hours on the website of IGCAR i.e. under the tab “Recruitment”
  • Applications will be accepted only through online mode. Only one application should be submitted for one Discipline. Candidates should submit a separate application for each discipline if they intend to apply for more than one discipline.
  • Candidate should read the instructions in the advertisement and online application form carefully before making any entry or selecting any option.
  • Before filling the application form, candidates should keep ready the necessary documents/certificates required. The candidate is required to fill up personal details and details of discipline applied for etc. and upload recently taken front-facing passport size photograph with name and date in JPEG format with size not exceeding 50 KB and signature in JPEG format with size not exceeding 20 KB. Photograph not in conformity with the specification shall render the application liable to be rejected. While filling up the online application form candidates should ensure that all the required details are entered.
  • A valid e-mail ID and Mobile Number is mandatory for submitting the application online and email ID should be kept active till the declaration of results. IGCAR will send call letter for Written Examination / Interview to the registered I given e-mail ID or candidates may be required to download from the website of IGCAR. No correspondence will be sent through post/courier.
  • The candidate must ensure that their photo and signature is clearly visible in preview at the time of filling application in online mode. If photo/signature displayed is small or not visible in preview on website, that means photo/signature is not as per the required format and in that case, the application will be rejected. Therefore candidates must ensure that photo and signature are clearly visible.
  • Before clicking the submit button, the candidate is advised to check and ensure that all the details filled in are correct. Candidate may also ensure that name, date of birth, etc. are entered correctly in the application form as per Secondary School Certificate (SSC). Any incorrect information may disqualify the candidature. After final submission of application, no request for change/correction in any of the information in the application form shall be entertained under any circumstances.
  • Candidates will not be allowed to appear for the_ Written Examination/Interview if they Jail to bring the hall ticket and a valid photo identity card (such as Voter ID, Driving License, AADHAAR Card, Passport, College ID) in original.

Tips to boost your home Wi-Fi speed

1. Disconnect all devices you don’t need Wi-Fi on from your router to ensure better speed
To ensure best possible speed for your laptop or any other work device, disconnect all the devices that don’t require to be on Wi-Fi. This will help reduce unnecessary bandwidth consumption.

2. Router placement in the house matters. Try keeping the Wi-Fi routers slightly away from walls as well as electrical appliances
If practical, try keeping your Wi-Fi router away from walls. As WiFi signals may have trouble penetrating walls.So make sure that the router has some breathing space. Also, if possible, keep it away from metal appliances like refrigerators.

3. Use multiple SSID with limited bandwidth. This helps provide proper speed allotment to different devices
Create multiple SSID (service set identifier). SSID identifies your Wi-Fi network to users and other Wi-Fi devices. Try to allocate a definite amount of speed to devices. You can assign slightly more bandwidth to your work devices compared to others. This will ensure that it has at least assigned speed all the time

4. Keep your work device on a seperate frequency and do not connect any other device to that frequency
If you are using a dual-band router that offers both 2.4GHz and 5GHz frequency. Try giving your work device some exclusivity by connecting it to a particular frequency. This helps with the overall Wi-Fi speed and also reduces the interference with other devices.

5. Use LAN cable if you can work on close proximity to the router
If your router is nearby or if you’ve got a long LAN cable, then there’s nothing better. When it comes to speed, wired ethernet connections are one of the best.

6. Opt for 5GHz frequency in your dual-band router instead of 2.4GHz for better speed
5GHz offers better overall speed along with the better connection strength in short distance.

7. Opt for 2.4GHz frequency in your dual-band router to ensure better signal strength in long range.
If the distance between your work device and router is more than 10 feet, choose 2.4GHz frequency in the dual band router as that offers better single strength over long distance.

8. Use third-party apps to find out Wi-Fi dead zones and avoid working from such spots
Every router has its limitations and dead zones are one of them. No matter how many antennas your router has, there will still be some dead zones. Thankfully, there are several apps that can help you identify those spots.

9. Use repeaters and extenders to boost Wi-Fi coverage
If there are too many dead zones at your home, use repeaters for Wi-Fi signal extenders to boost Wi-Fi coverage.

‘tech mistakes’ you must avoid while working from home

With more and more people starting to work from their homes to fight the spread of corona virus disease, it is important not to forget basic work etiquettes. Like attending office daily, working from home too demands discipline and responsibility. As your employer is trusting you with a lot of data and critical information, you just can’t be careless about how you work or do anything that embarasses your brand.

1. Not using a VPN service to protect your home internet connection can be dangerous

As more people are working from home, hackers are now targeting home networks to lockdown office systems with ransomware. It is highly recommended that you choose a VPN service to protect your home network from hackers.

2. Not locking your office laptop when you are away

Always remember to lock your system when you are not working as the last thing you would want is your kids sending a random email to your boss or turning on a video chat with a colleague.

3. Stop using the same internet browser for office work and personal internet surfing

Don’t use the same browser for personal internet surfing while working on the same system. This may lead to embarrassing search results and ads once you join office back.

4. Don’t share photos of your workstation at home on social media

Sharing photos of your home workstation on social media may create serious problems as most employers have strict policies against publicly revealing photos of office work or systems. Also, you could mistakenly reveal important information that is there on your laptop screen in the photo that you have shared online.

5. Don’t reveal details about work from home on social media
When chatting or commenting on social media, refrain from discussing work or posting work-related jokes and comments. These may not be appreciated.

6. Don’t share your office laptop with spouse who works in a different company

Always use your own laptop to work and do not allow your spouse or kids to work on your office system for whatever reasons

7. Don’t mix personal files and data with work files on your system

It is highly recommended that you separate your work folder from your personal folders. Also, it is advisable not to save personal files on your office computer as there are chances that your company’s IT department might have the permissions to look through.

8. Stop using personal social media account on the same browser while working

If you are a social media manager, then the worst mistake you can do is to use your personal accounts at the same time while working. There are a lot of instances where social media managers have mistakenly liked or commented on something from the official company handle causing much embarrassment both for the brand as well as for themselves.

9. Don’t save official work on personal Google Drive or email accounts

Saving official work in your personal accounts may lead to accidental data leaks. This can have dangerous consequences both for you as well as for the company.

How to write a review of literature

A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources that provides an overview of a particular topic. Literature reviews are a collection of the most relevant and significant publications regarding that topic in order to provide a comprehensive look at what has been said on the topic and by whom.
Conducting a literature review involves collecting, evaluating and analyzing publications (such as books and journal articles) that relate to your research question. There are five main steps in the process of writing a literature review:

                                    1.Search for relevant literature
                                    2.Evaluate sources
                                    3.Identify themes, debates and gaps
                                    4.Outline the structure
                                    5.Write your literature review

Step 1: Search for relevant literature

Before you begin searching for literature, you need a clearly defined topic.
If you are writing the literature review section of a dissertation or research paper, you will search for literature related to your research problem and questions.
If you are writing a literature review as a stand-alone assignment, you will have to choose a focus and develop a central question to direct your search. Unlike a dissertation research question, this question has to be answerable without collecting original data. You should be able to answer it based only on a review of existing publications.
Read the abstract to find out whether an article is relevant to your question. When you find a useful book or article, you can check the bibliography to find other relevant sources.
To identify the most important publications on your topic, take note of recurring citations. If the same authors, books or articles keep appearing in your reading, make sure to seek them out.
You can find out how many times an article has been cited on Google Scholar – a high citation count means the article has been influential in the field, and should certainly be included in your literature review.

Step 2: Evaluate and select sources

You probably won’t be able to read absolutely everything that has been written on the topic – you’ll have to evaluate which sources are most relevant to your questions.
For each publication, ask yourself:
What question or problem is the author addressing?
What are the key concepts and how are they defined?
What are the key theories, models and methods? Does the research use established frameworks or take an innovative approach?
What are the results and conclusions of the study?
How does the publication relate to other literature in the field? Does it confirm, add to, or challenge established knowledge?
How does the publication contribute to your understanding of the topic? What are its key insights and arguments?
What are the strengths and weaknesses of the research?
Make sure the sources you use are credible, and make sure you read any landmark studies and major theories in your field of research.
The scope of your review will depend on your topic and discipline: in the sciences you usually only review recent literature, but in the humanities you might take a long historical perspective (for example, to trace how a concept has changed in meaning over time).

Step 3: Identify themes, debates, and gaps

To begin organizing your literature review’s argument and structure, you need to understand the connections and relationships between the sources you’ve read. Based on your reading and notes, you can look for:
Trends and patterns (in theory, method or results): do certain approaches become more or less popular over time?
Themes: what questions or concepts recur across the literature?
Debates, conflicts and contradictions: where do sources disagree?
Pivotal publications: are there any influential theories or studies that changed the direction of the field?
Gaps: what is missing from the literature? Are there weaknesses that need to be addressed?
This step will help you work out the structure of your literature review and (if applicable) show how your own research will contribute to existing knowledge.

Step 4: Outline your literature review’s structure

There are various approaches to organizing the body of a literature review. You should have a rough idea of your strategy before you start writing.
Depending on the length of your literature review, you can combine several of these strategies (for example, your overall structure might be thematic, but each theme is discussed chronologically).

The simplest approach is to trace the development of the topic over time. However, if you choose this strategy, be careful to avoid simply listing and summarizing sources in order.
Try to analyze patterns, turning points and key debates that have shaped the direction of the field. Give your interpretation of how and why certain developments occurred.
If you have found some recurring central themes, you can organize your literature review into subsections that address different aspects of the topic.
For example, if you are reviewing literature about inequalities in migrant health outcomes, key themes might include healthcare policy, language barriers, cultural attitudes, legal status, and economic access.
If you draw your sources from different disciplines or fields that use a variety of research methods, you might want to compare the results and conclusions that emerge from different approaches. For example:
Look at what results have emerged in qualitative versus quantitative research
Discuss how the topic has been approached by empirical versus theoretical scholarship
Divide the literature into sociological, historical, and cultural sources
A literature review is often the foundation for a theoretical framework. You can use it to discuss various theories, models, and definitions of key concepts.
You might argue for the relevance of a specific theoretical approach, or combine various theoretical concepts to create a framework for your research.

Step 5: Write your literature review

Like any other academic text, your literature review should have an introduction, a main body, and a conclusion. What you include in each depends on the objective of your literature review.
The introduction should clearly establish the focus and purpose of the literature review.
Depending on the length of your literature review, you might want to divide the body into subsections. You can use a subheading for each theme, time period, or methodological approach.
As you write, you can follow these tips:
Summarize and synthesize: give an overview of the main points of each source and combine them into a coherent whole
Analyze and interpret: don’t just paraphrase other researchers—add your own interpretations where possible, discussing the significance of findings in relation to the literature as a whole
Critically evaluate: mention the strengths and weaknesses of your sources
Write in well-structured paragraphs: use transitions and topic sentences to draw connections, comparisons and contrasts
In the conclusion, you should summarize the key findings you have taken from the literature and emphasize their significance.
When you’ve finished writing and revising your literature review, don’t forget to proofread thoroughly before submitting. 

Regional Centre for Biotechnology (RCB)- Professor posts

Regional Centre for Biotechnology (RCB) is an institution of national importance established through an Act of Indian parliament by the Department of Biotechnology, Govt. of India under the auspices of UNESCO. The primary focus of RCB is to provide world class education, training and conduct innovative research at the interface of multiple disciplines to create high quality human resource in disciplinary and interdisciplinary areas of biotechnology. To this end, the Centre is offering the master's and doctoral degree programs in biotechnology, while other degree/diploma programs in niche areas of biotechnology are under development.

The Centre invites applications from suitably qualified, dynamic, and result-oriented scientists with flair for teaching, to fill up the following academic positions on direct recruitment / deputation or contract basis. The candidate should preferably have demonstrated research experience, and interest to pursue research and teaching in any of the following areas:

(1) Synthetic Biology & Metabolic Engineering,

(2) Fermentation, Scale-up & Downstream Processing,

(3) Biocatalysis & Enzyme Engineering,

(4) Metagenomics & Microbiome,

(5)Antibody Engineering for Therapeutic Applications,

(6) Cancer Biology & Therapy,

(7) Infectious Disease Biology for Developing Prophylactics and Therapeutics,

(8) Plant Biotechnology for Crop Improvements, and

(9) Big Data Analytics, Computational Biology & Bioinformatics. 

RCB will provide the selected candidates a shared laboratory space with adequate start-up support for setting up the lab. However, the faculty is required to raise the extra mural grants to support their research activities and build the research program. The faculty is also required to participate in the management of the Centre with responsibilities assigned by the competent authority as per the requirements. Interested candidates should submit their applications in the prescribed online format available on, or

There is no last date and the application can be made throughout the year till the positions are filled up

How to get a new job: Dos and Don'ts

The job search requires resilience, determination and a lot of admin. It may be a candidate-driven market but competition for the best roles remains’s some advice on what to do (and what to avoid doing).


1.Soul search
Before you look for a new job, be sure you’re clear on what it is you want from your next role. Ask yourself why your last job didn’t work out, what elements of work you enjoy the most and what you’re really good at. You also need to think about what you want from your career and what the next steps should be to get you there. Once you have a clear idea you’ll be better equipped to explain it to a hiring manager.

2.Look into your options
Research job specs in different companies to get an idea of the responsibilities and requirements you can expect. Make a hit list of companies you want to target, track their updates online and be vigilant in watching out for any emerging roles.

3.Use your network
Reach out to your contacts to let them know you’re on the hunt and to see if they know of any upcoming opportunities. Even if they’re unaware of any specific roles, they may be able to offer advice or refer you to another connection.

4.Build your personal brand
Ensure that you’re online presence isn’t problematic and that your online portfolio and professional profiles are up-to-date. Be sure that there’s no incriminating photos or embarrassing tweets that could sully your chances. It’s also a good idea to engage in online discussions and connect with other professionals in the industry. Getting involved in the community is a great way to boost your profile and increase your employability.

5.Do your homework for your interview
Prepare answers to the most common interview questions and run through them a few times out loud. This will give you more confidence when it comes to the interview and help you make sure you’re hitting the most important points early on.

6.Be honest
It’s important to put your best foot forward during the hiring process but it’s also important to be truthful. Be open about what you’re looking for in an employer and a role and don’t shy away from discussing possible difficulties you may have with a role too. Hiring managers will appreciate your transparency. Every candidate can talk up their strengths but it’s rare that a candidate can speak strongly about their weaknesses.

7.Ask questions
Don’t forget that the application process is your opportunity to interview your potential employers. Don’t wait until you start a job to clarify important details about the job or the company. Being curious about a role is an attractive trait so be sure to ask lots of questions. This will give you a good sense of the team, the organisational structure, the expectations attached to the role and an insight into the culture of the company. Some questions for inspiration:

  • What is the reporting structure?
  • What’s the culture like?
  • What type of people are successful here?
  • Is this a new role or a replacement role?
  • How would you describe the rest of the team?

8.Follow up
Give your application the personal touch by following up with the company after you’ve applied and definitely after you’ve been interviewed. This will keep your name top of mind and show you’re excited to work for the company.

9.Be specific
Employers want to know that you’ve done your research into the company and have decided that you really want to work there. You need to get that across in your application by making specific references to the brand. Your application shouldn’t read like a general email you’ve sent 100s of companies. Refer to a milestone in the company, an intriguing post you found on social media or a mention you read in a news article.


1.Talk negatively about your old employer
If and when you get to the interview stage you’ll more than likely be asked why you left your previous position. Regardless of how messy an exit it was, remain diplomatic and don’t give out about your old boss or company, even if they deserve it! You’ll just end up looking petty and bitter.

2.Be overly critical of the company you hope to join
Despite what your interviewer says, be diplomatic when offering constructive feedback. You may be asked to “tell them straight” about problems with their product or brand but it’s best to err on the side of caution. Lead with a positive observation, then give them the negative feedback and offer a possible solution as you see it. Employers want candidates who can identify problems but also offer ways to overcome them.

3.Expect instant gratification
Job hunting can be a lengthy process. Don’t be disheartened if you’re unsuccessful in your first few applications. Try to take something from each rejection, ask for feedback on why you weren’t chosen for the role and leave the door open for future positions.

4.Underestimate yourself
While it’s not advisable to apply for roles you don’t think you’re equipped to do, don’t limit your options either. Just because you don’t fulfill every single requirement on the job spec doesn’t mean that you couldn’t be a fit for the role. Often HR managers are looking for potential and cultural fit as much as previous experience.

10 Ways to Make Working From Home More Productive

Performance matters more than presence, so here are simple ways to get a lot more done in a lot less time.
1. Set a schedule -- and share it with everyone you know.
Interruptions are productivity killers. When you work from home, your family and friends can be the most frequent sources of interruption.
That's why you need to be proactive and share your schedule. Explain when you'll be working. Describe how you work best: Whether that's "interrupt me at will" (probably not) or "only interrupt me if it's truly an emergency" (more likely).
Above all, don't assume people will automatically respect the fact that while you're working from home, you're still working. They won't. Help them understand.

2. Spend a little money where it counts most.
Working from home implicitly means you're a knowledge worker. That means you spend a lot of time sitting. No matter what else you do, invest in a good computer, a good phone, and the most comfortable and ergonomically correct chair you can find. When you're uncomfortable, it's hard to stay focused and productive.

3. Split your work day into chunks.
Generally speaking, we can focus on any given task for 90 to 120 minutes. After that, we need a 15- to 20-minute break so we can recharge and get ready to achieve high performance on our next task.
So do this: Split your day into 90-minute windows. Instead of thinking an 8-, 6-, or 10-hour workday, split your day into four or five 90-minute windows. That way, you will have, say, four tasks you will get done a lot more efficiently.

4. Schedule breaks.
Your calendar may be full of tasks, calls, meetings, deadlines, but it also should include scheduled break periods.
Set a time for lunch. Set break times. Otherwise, your day will get away from you -- and so will your opportunities to recharge.
And also plan how you will recharge: a meal, a snack, a quick walk, etc.

5. Turn off notifications.
Turning off alerts on your computer and phone will greatly improve your ability to focus.
When you need to get things done, turn off any digital elements that might interrupt you. Then, when you're done, pop your head back up and see what you might have missed.
Chances are it won't be much -- and in the meantime you will have gotten a lot more done.

6. Embrace a routine.
Maybe one of the things you like best about working from home is the lack of enforced structure.
That's great, but unless you create your own structure, you'll fritter away much of your day bouncing from task to task and mistaking things that seem urgent for things that are truly important.
Instead, take advantage of the fact a structure is not imposed on you to choose a routine that makes you as productive as you can be. One might be the getting-things-done methodology.
There are plenty of others. Spend a little time creating a system that will work for you.
See that effort as an investment in productivity that will pay off for years to come.

7. Tidy up once a week.
Things find their way into your office, especially when it's in your home. While it might sound odd, your workspace will actually be more productive when it looks more productive.

8. Create a nighttime routine.
The first thing you do in the morning is the most important thing you will do that day, because it sets the tone for the rest of the day.
So prepare for that first thing the night before.
Make a list. Make a few notes. Review information. Prime yourself to hit the ground at an all-out sprint the next day. A body in super-fast motion tends to stay in super-fast motion.

9. Create a morning routine.
Of course that means the key is to get to that first task as easily as possible. Pretend you're an Olympic sprinter and your morning routine is like the warm-up for a race. Don't dawdle. Don't ease your way into your morning. Don't make sure you get some "me" time
Get up, clean up, fuel up -- and start rolling.

10. See your home office as a competitive advantage.
Some people assume that having a home office will make them feel like they're never away from work. Flip that thinking around: If you like what you do, feel glad it's easy for you to get work done at odd hours -- hours you choose to work.
Plus, you can leverage the convenience and efficiency of a home office to be more responsive and flexible than your competition.