MBBS vs MD – Candidates aspiring to pursue their studies in the field of medicine must know the difference between Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) and Doctor of Medicine (MD). When we begin to understand these from the basics it is important for us to know what these terms actually mean. MBBS is an undergraduate course which is pursued by candidates who wish to make their career in the field of medicine. Whereas, MD is a postgraduate course that can be pursued by candidates who have completed their MBBS. The concept of MBBS vs MD is wide and requires complete understanding of its complex details.

MBBS vs MD Admission in India
In India, medical aspirants are offered with MBBS course in around 500 medical colleges. Admission to this course was earlier through NEET and to AIIMS and JIPMER were through the latter's own examinations. From the year 2020, medical entrance examination for all medical colleges, including the two mentioned earlier, will be NEET. In the country, every year, around 65,000 students take admission to the MBBS courses. The duration of MBBS course was earlier five and a half years which has now been reduced to four years and two months. During this duration it is mandatory for candidates to complete 12 months rotatory internship.
While understanding the post graduate degree courses, it is essential for candidates to know that MD and MS (Master of Surgery) are the most sought after in this category. These courses are offered to candidates only when they complete their MBBS course successfully and are degree holders for the same. Admission to MD course is done on the basis of NEET PG. National Board of Examinations (NBE) conducts NEET PG. In India, MD programme is taught for a duration of 3 years, where medicos are required to choose one of the following specializations that they wish to pursue.

M D (Doctor of Medicine) - Specialities
1. Anaesthesiology
2. Anatomy
3. BiochemistryUG PG
4. Biophysics
5. Community Medicine
6. Dermatology and Venereology
7. Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
8. Laboratory Medicine
9. Medicine
10. Microbiology
11. Nuclear Medicine
12. Obstetrics & Gynaecology
13. Ophthalmology
14. Pathology
15. Pediatrics
16. Pharmacology
17. Physiology
18. Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation (PMR)
19. Psychiatry
20. Radio-Diagnosis
21. Radiotherapy

M S (Master of Surgery) - Specialities

1. Surgery
2. Otorhinolaryngology (ENT)
3. Orthopaedics

Course Fees - MBBS vs MD

NEET entrance exam for undergraduate and postgraduate has lessened the trouble from students to sit for various state-level exams. Also, making it compulsory for government and private colleges to disclose the MBBS course fees has enabled candidates to know the amount to be paid with the fair admission procedure and assist them to be more positive for their admissions. Candidates can check the course fees of the MBBS courses by visiting the official website. MBBS course fees vary between all the government-aided institutions/ government/central universities and deemed universities/private institutions. The fee for MBBS course of AIIMS, the leading institution of the country in regards to medical education, is determined by All India Institute of Medical Sciences for its nine campuses all through the country. The course fee of MBBS at AIIMS is very reasonable with the yearly course fee of sum INR 5856/-. The hostel fees are provided subject to accessibility. The course fee of MBBS in AIIMS for candidates applying in the NRI quota is 75,000 USD for the whole course.

The MD course fee can differ extensively based on the kind of institute - private or public. Also within these two groups as well the fee may differ from one institute to another; the variation is more distinct in private colleges than in public colleges.

Talking about the fee charged by public colleges, the leading medical institutions in the country, AIIMS Delhi and the other AIIMS charge an annual tuition fee of Rs. 702 only. Other constituents of fee structure include electricity, pot money, caution money, and Gymkhana Fee. The whole yearly fee after including all the constituents is below Rs. 2000. Also, AIIMS does not ask for any hostel fees from its learners. Other medical colleges that are run by the government might ask for a bit higher fee, still, it is quite less than what is asked by private institutes.

Scope of MBBS and MD programs
MBBS is a tremendously dynamic field and jobs are available in both private and public hospitals. A person can apply for jobs in government medical institutes and even in numerous private hospitals. Doctors can also begin practicing on their own after getting them licensed and registered by the Medical Council of India. After completing MBBS, candidates can also choose to further their studies by pursuing MD programs.

After completing the MD degree, individuals get a host of employment opportunities before them. They can work in both public and private hospitals as physicians. Job prospects are also present in medical institutes/colleges, health segments of the state government, nursing homes, and clinics. After completing MD, individuals can also work as educators or research fellows in several universities and colleges that teach healthcare education. They also have the choice of working as a self-employed individual and conduct their private practice.

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